St Michael, Shotwick, Cheshire
- Site Location
- National Grid Reference
- SJ 337 718
Lichfield to 1075
Chester to c.1086
; Coventry and Lichfield to 1541
now: Chester from 1541
now (or name of monument): St Michael
- Type of building/monument
- Parish church
II General Description
St Michael's has a 12thc. nave with its S doorway under a very simple ashlar porch. A N aisle with a four-bay arcade was added c.1300. The chancel has no arch, but dates in its earliest parts from the 13thc. It has a two-bay N chapel - an extension eastwards of the N aisle with a two-bay arcade to the chancel. Both this and the W tower date from c.1500. The present double-span roof is 19thc., replacing a 15thc. single-span roof over nave and aisle. Construction is of red sandstone ashlar.
III Exterior Features
(i) S nave doorway
Round-headed, two orders.
2nd order. Evidence for the jambs survives on the W side only, in the form of a nook-shaft capital of double-scallop form, the shields double-outlined with nested lower borders, and decorated with pairs of pellets. The necking is lost, but the chamfered impost is carved with a large design of nested lozenges covering both face and chamfer. No shaft survives, indeed there is nothing of the jamb below the capital on the W, and nothing at all on the E.
The arch has 3 rows of lateral chevron on the face - simple rolls - each voussoir carved with 2 units of centrifugal chevron. The label is visible at the E of the arch only, owing to the porch roof. It is broad and flat with 3 rows of billet on the face.
|h of opening||2.24 m|
|w of opening||1.10 m|
Benefice of Burton and Shotwick.
Shotwick was held by St Werburgh's, Chester in 1086. No church was noted at that time. In the Middle Ages the village stood at the end of a ford across the Dee; a strategic crossing place used by the armies of Henry III in 1245 and Edward I in 1278 and 1284, as well as a route for the export of salt into Wales.
- N. Pevsner and E. Hubbard, The Buildings of England. Cheshire. Harmondsworth 1971 (repr. 1978), 334.
- R. Richards, Old Cheshire Churches. London 1947, 296-303.