All Saints, Shirburn, Oxfordshire
- Site Location
- National Grid Reference
- SU 697 959
now (or name of monument): All Saints
- Type of building/monument
- Parish church
II General Description
The church was much rebuilt in the 19thc., but retains 13thc. arcades. The small, simple W tower is apparently 12thc. (diagonal tooling on quoins), and has on the third stage a single round-headed belfry opening in the W wall, and a twin round-headed opening with central shaft in the N wall. The two re-set fragments described below were found under the floor and placed in their present positions in 1876 (VCH Oxon. viii, 195).
III Exterior Features
3. Exterior Decoration
(i) Re-set tympanum
The tympanum is reused as an external lintel over the late medieval window in the ground stage of the W wall of the tower. It is covered with three-strand figure-of-eight knot pattern, bordered by a roll-moulding and by a band of guilloche with the fields enclosing small stars.
|max. w.||1.10 m|
IV Interior Features
5. Interior Decoration
(i) Re-set lintel
Reused as an internal lintel over the same west tower window as III.3.d.(i). It is covered with a chip-carved pattern of stars in hexagons. On either side is a beast-head covered with ribbed lines, with foliage issuing from its upwards-pointing open mouth; these heads appear to have functioned as the capitals of small attached nook-shafts on the jambs, the neckings of which are carved on the block. Inaccessible for measurement.
In the late 11thc. the manor was divided between Robert d'Oilly and Roger d'Ivry. Between 1146 and 1163 Roger fitz Alfred, apparently a d'Oilly tenant, gave Shirburn church to Dorchester Abbey.
- N. Pevsner and J. Sherwood, The Buildings of England. Oxfordshire, London, 1974, 761.
- Victoria History of the County of Oxford, viii, 1964, 193.