St Mary, Hamstead Marshall, Berkshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Hamstead Marshall is a village in the SW of the county, 4 miles W of Newbury and a mile N of the Hampshire border. The village is on the south bank of the River Kennett, and within its parish boundaries are Hamstead Park and various copses and areas of woodland.  The present centre is at the south of the parish, while the church is in the north, near the river, Morewood and Craven houses, and a cluster of moated sites. St Mary's has a nave with a 14thc. N aisle, chancel, 18thc. brick W tower. A plain 12thc. S doorway is the only Romanesque feature.

History

The manor was held by Edward from Edward the Confessor before the Conquest, when it was assessed at 4 hides. In 1086 it was worth only 1 hide and was held by Hugolin the Steersman. In addition to the ploughland there was a mill, 6 acres of meadow and woodland for 10 pigs.  It takes its name from the Marshalls, Earls of Pembroke, and it is likely that the great William Marshall (d.1219) was given the manor by Henry III.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

S doorway, nave

Round-headed, of one order

Plain square jambs and arch with a small hollow chamfer on the angle. The only interruption takes the form of plain, hollow chamfered imposts. Plain chamfered label.

Dimensions
h. of opening 2.16 m
w. of opening 0.96 m

Comments/Opinions

Bibliography

  • Domesday (Berkshire), 63b.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Berkshire. Harmondsworth 1966, 152.

  • G. Tyack, S. Bradley and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Berkshire.  New Haven and London 2010, 320.

  • Victoria County History: Berkshire IV (1924), 178-83

Location

Site Location
Hamstead Marshall
National Grid Reference
SU 420 667 
Boundaries
now: West Berkshire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Berkshire
Diocese
now: Oxford
medieval: Salisbury
Dedication
now: St Mary
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
28 August 1990, 20 November 2013