St Mary the Virgin, Hambleden, Buckinghamshire

Feature Sets (3)

Description

Hambleden is on the edge of the Chiltern hills, among rolling wooded pasture. It stands in a valley 4 miles W of Marlow and 3 miles NE of Henley. The picture-postcard village with its brick and flint cottages arranged around a triangular open centre has often been used for filming, and the church stands on the N side of the triangle.

St Mary’s is an imposing building consisting of a W tower; a long unaisled nave with windows of c.1300; N and S transepts and a square-ended chancel. Off the chancel are two-bay N and S chapels, entered through the transepts. The N chapel now contains the organ, with a vestry to the E, and to the N of the organ room is a small chapel with the grand tomb of Sir Cope D’Oyley (d.1633) and his wife and ten children. The S chapel is called the Lady Chapel. The chancel is equipped with 14thc triple sedilia and piscina, and on the N wall is the tomb of Henry, son of Thomas Lord Sandys (d.circa 1555). None of the internal fabric appears Romanesque, but both the font and a blocked doorway in the W wall of the N transept are of 12thc date, and there are fragments of chevron moulding re-used in the exterior nave walls. There was originally a crossing tower that collapsed in 1703 and was replaced with the present W tower in 1721 (heightened in 1883). A date of 1859 refers to a general restoration that included the building of the N vestry, the S chancel aisle (now Lady Chapel) and the timber S porch.

History

The manor was held by Earl Aelfgar before the Conquest, any by Queen Matilda in 1086. It was assessed at 20 hides with meadow for 8 p[loughs, woodland for 700 pigs, a fishery rendering 1000 eels and a mill. This substantial manor was home to 50 villans, 9 bordars and 9 slaves as listed in Domesday – perhaps 350 people in all.

It became attached to the barony of Gloucester by the 13thc, passing to Hugh Despenser after Gilbert’s death at Bannockburn, and when he fell from grace to descendants of Gilbert de Clare’s relative Margaret. By the late 14th century it had passed to the Scrope family of Bolton (Yorks). The advowson of the church remained with the manor throughout the middle ages.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N transept W doorway

Round headed, single order surviving, blocked.

What remains is the outer order of a doorway that must be assumed to have have multiple orders. It has been carefully blocked with knapped flints.

Dimensions
Height of opening 2.24m
Width of opening 1.51m

Exterior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Chevron voussoir in N nave wall

The voussoir is re-used as building material and set in the N wall of the nave immediately W of the westernmost window. The worn face is carved with a single centrifugal hollow, and possibly an inner roll.

Dimensions
Height above ground (approx) 3.0m
Height of block (approx) 0.14m

Chevron voussoir in S nave wall

The reset stone is positioned immediately to the E of the westernmost window just below the arch apex. The face has been shaved, and what remain are a single centrifugal groove, and an inner cogwheel edge. No measurements possible.

Furnishings

Fonts

Font

Towards the W of the nave, on the S side. The bowl is a slightly tapered limestone tub set on a chamfered drum base with a modern cylindrical step, the step to the W of the bowl.

The face is decorated with a broad lattice of five lozenges encircling it; the lattice of triple-reeded strips with a drilled bead at each node. Each lozenge is occupied by an equal-armed cross with fleur-de-lis (lily) terminals carved in shallow relief. In the triangular spandrels are single fleurs-de-lis; those at the bottom upright and the upper ones inverted. Each cross centre and each lily terminal is marked with a drilled bead. Above the latticework is a triple-reeded band and above that, below the rim, a row of sawtooth. The bowl is lead-lined and there are inserted repairs to the rim at the N, E and W, and some rim damage at the S.

Dimensions
Exterior diameter of bowl at rim 0.83m
Height of base 0.21m
Height of bowl 0.62m
Interior diameter of bowl at rim 0.64m
Overall height of font 1.04m

Comments/Opinions

The font has some similarities with the less precisely carved example at Newton Longville in the N of the county. The doorway was certainly multi-ordered originally, and the Church Guide raises the possibility that it was the original W doorway of the church.

Bibliography

  • Anon, St Mary the Virgin Hambleden, 14th revised edition 1999, reprinted 2008.

  • EH, English Heritage Listed Building 46745.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire, Harmondsworth 1960, 153-54.

  • VCH, Victoria County History: Buckinghamshire. III , London 1925, 45-54.

Location

Site Location
Hambleden
National Grid Reference
SU 784 866 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Buckinghamshire
now: Buckinghamshire
Diocese
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
now: Oxford
Dedication
now: St Mary the Virgin
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
<p>14 September 2011</p>