St Laurence, Walton on Trent, Derbyshire

Feature Sets (4)

Description

The church consists of a nave, S aisle, S transept, chancel and a tower at the W end of the nave. The key Norman features are the S arcade, a window opening on the S wall of the nave and some loose fragments found at the end of the S aisle.

History

Domesday Book lists Earl Algar as the lord in TRE; King William held the land in 1986. Walton was taxable at 6 geld units. There is no mention of the church but there must have been one shortly afterwards erected by Hugh Lupus, the first Earl of Chester, who was granted the royal manor at Walton.

Features

Exterior Features

Exterior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Window fragment

In the N wall of the S aisle there is a window opening with chip carved decoration. This could have been reset. There is a plain arch on the nave side of the window.

Interior Features

Arches

S nave arcade

Of three bays, with the responds and pier 1 now incorporated in the masonry from the side of the aisle.

E respond

The upper, chamfered part of the capital is carved with what looks like a rounded and softened version of a scallop with sheathed cones, but instead of with shields, the cones' ends are widened and rounded. In the lower part of the capital, under a single roll moulding, a plain band terminates with a wide roll necking. Diagonal tooling is very prominent on the impost, the column, and the masonry above and behind, but not so much on the capital.

Pier 1

The upper, chamfered part of the capital carries a series of narrow leaves, spreading upwards, with the crowns of the leaves resting on a single narrow roll moulding that can be seen between the leaves. Between the lower parts of the leaves a narrow vertical moulding resembles stalks inserted between each leaf. Above the leaves is another roll moulding, slightly chamfered at the top, just below the abacus. This is mirrored by a single roll moulding below, separating the decorated part from the plain band below. The capital has a thick roll necking. The abacus is chamfered at the bottom, with an angle roll and a quirk on the upright. The tooling, as in E respond, is different on the capital and the surrounding masonry.

Pier 2

This capital is split in half along the EW axis. The necking and lower part of the capital as in other capitals of this arcade, while the upper part is carved with a series of rounded scallops running neatly thought the middle of the otherwise plain chamfered upper band of the capital. The abacus as in pier 1.

W respond

The abacus, necking, and the lower part of the capital as in pier 1. The chamfered upper part of the capital has a row of treffoil leaves running between the two roll mouldings. The stems of the leaves are thick and expand at the top. The rounded middle part of the leaf is flanked by two pointed and quirked leaves on each side.

Loose Sculpture

Head found in S chapel

Possibly a head, human or animal (horse?) with a kind of bridle running across through the middle. It meets another raised band running perpendicular. More bands are visible on the two sides of the 'face'. A pair of eyes and a roll moulding are visible at the bottom.

Dimensions

Height 0.245m
Width 0.225m

Nook-shaft base

Plaint attic base carved out of a block that could possibly once belong to a door jamb.

Dimensions

Height 0.29m
Width 0.39m

Nook-shaft capital found in S aisle

Possibly late Norman, nook-shaft waterleaf capital with traces of polychromy.

Dimensions

Height 0.25m
Width 0.29m

Comments/Opinions

It is possible that the window fragment in the S wall of the nave may be a remain of a window originally in the same location. Perhaps while the lower part of the window may have been destroyed during the construction of the arcade, the upper part was allowed to remain in situ.

Bibliography

  • F. Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications or England’s Patron Saints, London 1899, III, 293.

  • J. Charles Cox, Notes on the Churches of Derbyshire, Vol. 3, Chesterfield Palmer and Sons & London: Bemorse and Sons, 1877.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Derbyshire, London: Butler and Tanner, 1953.

Location

Site Location
Walton on Trent
National Grid Reference
SK 214 180 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Derbyshire
now: Derbyshire
Diocese
medieval: Lichfield
now: Derby
Dedication
now: St Laurence
medieval: St John the Baptist or St Laurence
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Celia Holden, Jennifer Alexander, Louisa Catt, Olivia Threlkeld 
Visit Date
6 September 2014