St Michael, Eastleach Martin, Gloucestershire

Feature Sets (3)

Description

The church is of limestone rubble, partly rendered with ashlar dressings. The present nave, S and N doorways, and the chancel responds date from the 12thc. The chancel was rebuilt in the early 13thc and lengthened in the 14thc, when the transept, porch and tower were added. It is now cared for by The Churches Conservation Trust.

History

In Domesday Book Eastleach Martin is called 'Lece'. The church was granted c.1120 to Great Malvern priory, by Richard, son of Pons, who came to England with William the Conqueror. It was dedicated by the Bishop of Worcester to Saints Michael and Martin soon after Gloucester Abbey acquired the manor in 1144.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N doorway

In situ, blocked. Round-headed, plain jambs and arch.

S doorway

In situ; pavement raised, therefore no plinths or bases are seen. Two orders, round headed but segmental arch.

Dimensions
Height 0.20 m
Height 2.11 m
Height incl necking, capitals 0.23 m
Width 1.19 m
Width of E face, L capital 0.18 m
Width of S face 0.174 m
Width of W face, R capital 0.18 m
First order

Square unmoulded jamb and arch, uninterrupted.

Second order

Detached nook-shafts, plain roll necking, cushion capitals L and R. Impost with plain upright face, and below a hollow chamfer with a crude single roll billet much damaged. Arch has an angle roll. Label has a single chamfer.

Exterior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Cross (Votive or Dedication cross)

Situated on the S nave wall centred above the S door, cut into one stone, now broken. One-half of a beaded band forms the circular form enclosing the two remaining arms of a Maltese cross. The top R portion is cut away and a deep horizontal rectangular lacuna in the lower edge was probably made to hold a porch roof beam. The rectangular hole lines up with a corbel in the interior gable of the S porch.

Dimensions
Diameter of complete circle 0.25 m

Interior Features

Arches

Chancel arch/Apse arches

Chancel arch

Two orders; the piers and capitals are 12thc. The arch was replaced in the 13thc remodelling. The floor has been raised, and plinth and bases are now covered.

Dimensions
Height incl necking of L capital 0.255 m
Height incl necking of R capital 0.24 m
Height of impost above raised floor 2.11 m
Height of L capital 0.225 m
Height of R capital 0.20 m
Width of N face, L capital 0.177 m
Width of S face, L capital 0.175 m
Width of W face, L capital 0.185 m
Width of W face, R capital 0.182 m
First order

Plain unmoulded jamb. Impost has a plain upper face and a hollow chamfer in the lower half; it has been cut away on both N and S reveals.

Second order

Detached nook-shaft (missing on S side), plain roll necking, cushion capitalImpost is as the first order; it continues along E nave wall for 0.46m. Impost on S side bears remnants of painted red diagonal lines.

Comments/Opinions

The Votive or Dedication Cross is found in identical form within the central tower, S wall, at South Cerney. Another is shown on the replica font at Oldbury-on-Severn in the illustration in  Fryer, following p.132.

Bibliography

  • D.¬†Verey and A. Brooks, The Buildings of England, Gloucestershire I: the Cotswolds (3rd edition) London1999 348-349

  • Historic Englnad Listing ID 1156545

  • M. Salter, The Old Parish Churches of Gloucestershire Malvern 2008 66-67

  • W.H.T. Wright Notes on Eastleach Martin and Eastleach Turville Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 22 (1899) 115-120

  • W.H.T. Wright, Some Notes on the Parishes and Churches of Eastleach Martin, Eastleach Turville and Southrop Private Press 1923

  • Sir Robert Atkyns the Younger. The Ancient and Present State of Glostershire, London 1712, 422-23.

  • A. C. Fryer, 'Gloucestershire Fonts, Part 6', Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, 37 (1914), 107-33.

  • Samuel Rudder, A New History of Gloucestershire, Cirencester 1779,¬†432.

  • The Church of St. Michael and St. Martin (Guidebook), 1996.

  • David Verey, The Buildings of England, Gloucestershire: The Cotswolds, Harmondsworth 1970, 221-222.

  • Victoria County History: A History of the County of Gloucester, Vol.7, Oxford 1981, 55-61.

Location

Site Location
Eastleach Martin
National Grid Reference
SP 202 054 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Gloucestershire
now: Gloucestershire
Diocese
now: Gloucester
medieval: Worcester
Dedication
now: St Michael and St Martin
medieval: St Michael and St Martin
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Jean and Garry Gardiner, John Wand 
Visit Date
12 June 1998