Goldsborough is a village situated about one mile east of Knaresborough. The church of St Mary the Virgin adjoins the gatehouse or former stables of the Hall. It has nave with aisles, W tower, chancel with vestry to north, and contains various effigies. (Leach and Pevsner 2009, 282-3). The guidebook claims that the E and W ends of the nave show mid-twelfth-century walling.
The only Romanesque sculpture present is found on the S doorway, now on the S wall of the S aisle. Kelk suggests that the doorway may have been moved here from the nave in the early fourteenth century. It has been restored in recent years. An exterior feature, possibly a font, is also recorded here.
At time of DB, Nigel held it of the Count of Mortain; now waste. No mention of church. About 1095, Hubert held Goldsborough of Ralph Paynel.
Round-headed doorway, of two orders. Stone used is a mixture of fine gritstone, some pinkish, and Magnesian limestone. The first order has no capitals so its plain jambs pass oddly into a chevron arch.
First order has the residue of a plinth a with chamfered corner; plain jambs; no capitals, but the jambs pass with a hiatus into an arch with plain soffit and chevron mouldings on face. This is much worn where original, renewed on L side. Centrifugal chevron moulding as a roll and then as a hollow, bounded on inner and outer margins by parallel ridges.
Second order: A base shared in an irregular way with the support to the hoodmould. The next course is in original stone too, a rounded plinth and then the detached column, of which a slight portion of the original remains on the L, but otherwise the columns are restorations.
Small cushion capitals above a small round ring, renewed on the L, original on the R. The R capital has a lion on the shield on the W face. The S face is divided horizontally into two unequal areas at the point where the curve meets the upright; there is a finely-detailed foliage pattern in the top strip. On the L side of this field the foliage pattern is symmetrical horizontally, on the R the line of symmetry is vertical. The L capital is a restoration and has foliage patterns on both faces in the upper band.
There is no impost.
1 and 2 have been replaced, but a Galbraith photo in the Conway Library comes to our aid – 353/21(7). Her photograph shows that the original beakhead No.1 had an eight-rayed star in a circle between the ears. The second beakhead is not discernible under the creeper stems.
3 forehead with open parallel 'v's
4 forehead with steeper vs, an ornament with spirals on a 'v' at the centre
5 worn, no detailed photo.
6 similar to 4, but no ornament visible
7 a smaller head, curved lines over each eye, central ornament worn
9 similar to 6 and 8
10 similar to 6
11 a slightly wider head, forehead lined parallel to eyebrows, the centre with a symmetrical foliage pattern within a raised border. The raised eyeballs have radial lines
12 forehead with parallel lines branching from the central vertical axis; eyballs patterned over a more extensive area than 11. The pattern seems to be of vs.
13 somewhat decayed, no details visible.
14 forehead with symmetrical foliage pattern; eyeballs with radial lines, like grand eyelashes!
|2nd order, R capital, h. incl. necking||0.21m|
|2nd order, R capital, h. without necking||0.19m|
|h. of opening||2.63m|
|w. of opening||1.065m|
Possible ‘font’ in the churchyard, origin unclear, possibly Roman.
Kelk, Rev. A. H. Short History of St Mary the Virgin, Goldsborough (Goldsborough, undated).
P. Leach and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Yorkshire West Riding - Leeds, Bradford and the North (Yale, 2009).