Holy Cross, Pattishall, Northamptonshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

The church has a W tower (rebuilt 1663), an Anglo-Saxon nave with 13thc. N and S aisles (clerestorey over N arcade only), and a square-ended chancel with a 12thc. chancel arch. There is a vestry at the E end of the N aisle. A plain 12thc. doorway in the N aisle must be reset.

History

There was certainly a Church of Pattishall in 1086, since it is named as the owner of land in Cold Higham held by Godwine of Walter the Fleming. This holding includes a priest, but curiously Pattishall itself is not recorded as a unit of assessment. By c.1200 there were two vicars who shared the dues of the church in a ruling of a case of that date, heard before the abbess of Godstow and the prior of Dunstable. There is no doubt, therefore, that Pattishall was anciently an important church, and Franklin has argued that it was previously a minster. In the 1130s Simon de Wahull gave half of the church to the nuns of Godstow. His son Walter gave the other half to the priory of Dunstable before 1176. Two vicars served concurrently until the Dissolution.

Benefice of Pattishall with Cold Higham and Gayton with Tiffield.

Features

Interior Features

Arches

Chancel arch/Apse arches

Chancel arch

The limestone chancel arch is deep with a slightly depressed round-headed arch. The W face comprises two rows of plain voussoirs, the outer slightly proud of the inner, and a label. The impost blocks, which lie flush with the wall on the E face, are carved with incised decoration on their W faces, and on the embrasures of the arch. That on the S side has pointed cusped ornament on the face, and zigzag on the chamfer. The N impost block has a plain moulding on the upright, and again zigzag on the chamfer. The SW corner of the N impost has been mended with a modern insert.

Comments/Opinions

The idea of carving the impost blocks of a chancel arch in this manner can be compared with Preston Deanery, but the technique and style, and even the underlying architectural form, is quite different.

Bibliography

  • RCHME Report, uncatalogued.
  • J. Bridges, The History and Antiquities of Northamptonshire, Compiled from the manuscript collections of the late learned antiquary J.Bridges, Esq., by the Rev. Peter Whalley, Oxford, 1791, I, 268-69.
  • M. J. Franklin, Minsters and parishes: Northamptonshire Studies, PhD thesis, University of Cambridge, 1982, esp. 309-12.
  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Northamptonshire, Harmondsworth, 1961, rev. by B. Cherry, 1973, 370.

Location

Site Location
Pattishall
National Grid Reference
SP 671 543 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Northamptonshire
now: Northamptonshire
Diocese
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
now: Peterborough
Dedication
now: Holy Cross
medieval: Invention of the Holy Cross (1522)
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Kathryn Morrison