Ramelton

Feature Sets (2)

Description

The rectangular church was built by Sir William Stewart and almost completed by the time of Pynar’s survey in 1619 (Rowan, 1979). Incorporated into the fabric are a number of pieces of reused masonry, principally late medieval but with one possibly Romanesque window head. The window head is said to have been brought from Aughinish Island, Donegal (Kinahan, 1885-6).

Features

Exterior Features

Exterior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Reset lintel

A splayed, arcuated lintel reset in the wall above the E window. The opening is framed by a series of flat pellets. Carved in relief above is a stylised tree with, on the left, a winged dragon, and on the right a cat-like creature with trifurcated tail.

Comments/Opinions

The window head has been dated to the 12th or early 13thc. in most published works, probably on the basis of the round headed arch framed by a row of pellets. However, the style of the beasts above the window head is wholly late medieval. Single arcuated lintels are relatively commonplace in Ireland during the 15th and 16thc., and parallels for the beasts can be cited in numerous sculptural representations and the wall paintings at Clare Abbey, Mayo. While a 12thc. date cannot be completely ruled out, it would appear unlikely that the stone is of this date.

There is now no trace of the monastic site said to have existed on Aughinish Island.

Bibliography

  • G. Kinahan, 'A Brief Report on the Antiquities of County Donegal', Journal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland, 17 (1885-6), 424.

  • B. Lacey et al Archaeological Survey of County Donegal, Lifford, 1983, 342-3.

  • H. Lanigan Wood and E. Verling ‘Stone Sculpture in Donegal’. In Donegal History and Society, ed. W. Nolan, L. Ronayne and M. Dunleavey, 67-8, Dublin, 1995. 

  • W. Nolan, L. Ronayne and M. Dunleavey, Donegal History and Society, Dublin, 1995, 67–8.

  • A. Rowan, The Buildings of Ireland; North-West Ulster, London, 1979, 463.

Location

Site Location
Ramelton
National Grid Reference
C 227 210 
Boundaries
medieval: Donegal
now: Donegal
Dedication
now:
medieval:
Type of building/monument
Church  
Report authors
Rachel Moss 
Visit Date
20 May 2003