Castledermot

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Castledermot was an important Early Christian monastery, with a round tower and two well-preserved high crosses. There is a 19thc Protestant church on the site (incorporating some Gothic features), to the W of which a Romanesque arch has been preserved as a folly. The design of the 12thc arch was used as a model for the main doorway of the modern church.

Features

Exterior Features

Other

Arch preserved as folly

A free-standing arch of two orders with a label, executed in Wicklow granite. No bases are visible (perhaps buried or, more likely, lost). 

First order

The jambs hava a single angle roll, identical to the first order. There are no traces of decoration on the capital. The arch, of 20 voussoirs (one is a modern replacement), has frontal chevron on the face, as on the first order.

The label has a simple chamfer on the inner angle. It is severely weathered.  

Second order

The jambs hava a single angle roll.  The capitals are too worn to discern any ornament; there appear to be traces of diagonal patterns on the inner face of the N capital.  The arch, of 17 voussoirs is carved with chevron frontal to the face.  The springers have centering holes.

Comments/Opinions

The width of the inner order is 1.60 m, considerably wider than the average Hiberno-Romanesque portal, indicating that one or more orders are missing. The inner order contains holes for bolts, suggesting that the original inner order (or orders) was removed in order to widen the door while the arch was in situ.

The simplicity of the chevron and the fact that the two orders duplicate each other suggests a date in the middle years of the 12thc.

A drawing of c. 1792 by Daniel Grose (National Library of Ireland 1976 TX 20) shows the simple (possibly 18thc) church that preceded the modern Church of Ireland building. At this time much of the S wall of the medieval building survived, running as far W as the Romanesque portal. A substantial buttress immediately to the N of the doorway demonstrates that this marks the position of the original W facade of the medieval church. While the arch may have been partially reconstructed, it thus lies in its original position.

Bibliography

  • H. G. Leask, Irish Churches and Monastic Buildings, Dundalk, 1955, 162.

Location

Site Location
Castledermot
National Grid Reference
N 72 85 
Boundaries
pre-1994 traditional (Republic of Ireland): Kildare
now: Kildare
Dedication
now:
medieval: St Diarmaid
Type of building/monument
Church (ruin)  
Report authors
Roger Stalley