St Peter, Ilmer, Buckinghamshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Ilmer is a picturesque hamlet of a few houses clustered around the church, with views of the Chilterns and Bledlow Great Wood to the S.  It lies in rolling, wooded pasture land in the west of south Buckinghamshire, 6 miles SW of Aylesbury and a mile from the Oxfordshire border.

The small, simple church has a square-ended chancel and a nave with a N porch and a timber bell-turret towards the west end, with a shingled needle broach spire.  Construction is of coursed stone rubble and largely of the 13thc, although there is a blocked 12thc S doorway and some of the windows and the piscina have ogee heads indicating a 14thc campaign.  The jambs of the easternmost S nave window continue to the ground, indicating that it was formerly the entrance to a chapel or transept, blocked in its lower part in the 18thc-19thc.  The interior of the church is plain with no chancel arch but an attractive 15thc screen with timber tracery.  The church was in a dilapidated state by 1860, and in that year work began on its restoration, which involved the rebuilding of the chancel and the restoration of the nave.  The spire was reshingled in 1978-79.

History

Godwine, a man of Earl Leofwine, held the manor of Ilmer before the Conquest.  In 1086 it was held by Robert from Odo, Bishop of Bayeux, and consisted of 4 hides with meadow for 5 plough-teams and a mill.  By the 12thc the manor was in the possession of Robert de Romenel, and in 1336 it was held by John de Moleyns, who was granted a licence to enclose the woods and park in that year.  Sir Robert Dormer held the manor in 1538, and it remained in his family until 1858.

The church was given to the Benedictine nuns of Studley priory (Oxfordshire) before 1205 by Thomas, son of Bernard.  It now belongs to the Risborough Team ministry which consists of Princes Risborough with Ilmer; Monks Risborough with Owlswick; Lacey Green with Speen and Loosely Row; and Bledlow with Saunderton and Horsenden.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

S nave doorway

Single order, blocked. Jambs and arch are of large, irregularly cut ashlar blocks.  A quirked, hollow-chamfered impost block survives on the W jamb, and there is no other carved or moulded ornament.

Dimensions
Height of opening (to ground) 1.64m
Width of opening 0.86m

Comments/Opinions

The doorway was measured to ground level, but was clearly taller originally.

Bibliography

  • Anon., St Peter’s Church Ilmer (church guide by D.S.L. 1969, revised 1980 and by J.W. 2000)

  • N. Pevsner and E. Williamson, Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire.London 1960, 2nd ed. 1994, 448 (as Longwick-cum-Ilmer).

  • RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Buckingham. Volume 1 (south). London 1912, 218-19.

  • Victoria County History: Buckinghamshire. IV (1927), 61-63.

  • Victoria County History: Oxfordshire. II (1907), 77-79 (on Studley).

Location

Site Location
Ilmer
National Grid Reference
SP 769 055 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Buckinghamshire
now: Buckinghamshire
Diocese
now: Oxford
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
Dedication
now: St Peter
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
09 July 2007