St John the Baptist, Fawley Chapel, Brockhampton, Herefordshire

Feature Sets (4)

Description

Fawley chapel is in the parish of Brockhampton, in the Wye valley, 3 miles N of Ross-on-Wye.  It is situated at the end of a lane, alongside a farm on the N bank of the River Wye, and is a two-celled building with a barrel-vaulted chancel. Construction is of sandstone rubble with a rough ashlar facing to the S wall of the nave. The earliest parts are 12thc, it was widened to the S and lengthened westwards, probably in the 14thc and further work dates from the 16thc and 17thc, when a W bell chamber and double bell-opening was added. The chancel was rebuilt in 1827. Romanesque features recorded here are the triple-arched chancel arch, the blocked N doorway and the font.

History

Fawley is not mentioned by name in the Domesday Survey, but the chapel was at some stage a chapel of ease to Brockhampton, and it is fair to assume that the it fell within that manor. In 1086 Brockhampton was made up of 5 English hides and 3 Welsh hides, held by the Canons of Hereford Cathedral.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N nave doorway

Round headed, single order, blocked. Jambs and arch form a continuous order with a slight chamfer. There is a quirked hollow chamfered label with no stops, the ends chamfered off at arch springing level.

Dimensions
Height of opening 2.18m
Width of opening 1.09m

Interior Features

Arches

Chancel arch/Apse arches

Chancel arch

A triple round-headed arch of one order to E and W. The arches are carried on square piers flanking the central opening with square section responds forming the outer jambs of the flanking openings. The arches are plain and unmoulded and there are plain chamfered impost blocks. The central arch is wider and taller than the flanking ones; it is also more worn in its jambstones, imposts and voussoirs, and might thus be the only original one.

Furnishings

Fonts

Font

In the centre of the nave towards the W end. It consists of an octagonal cushion capital, roughly tooled, on a conical stem with a plain later step. The bowl is unlined and there is staple removal damage on the rim at N and S. The letters IC and IT are inscribed on the rim at the NW.

Dimensions
1
Height of bowl 0.54m
Height of bowl + stem 0.81m
Height of stem 0.27m
2
External diameter of bowl at rim (across flats) 0.78m
Internal diameter of bowl at rim 0.56m

Comments/Opinions

Pevsner (1963) remarked that the large top scallops of the font look as if they had been ‘chopped about’, perhaps suggesting later modifications to a simple tub form.

Bibliography

  • A. Brooks and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. New Haven and London 2012, 234.

  • Herefordshire Sites and Monuments Record 6830

  • Historic England Listed Building 154275

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. Harmondsworth 1963, 131.

  • RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, 2. East, (1932), 34-35.

Location

Site Location
Fawley Chapel, Brockhampton
National Grid Reference
SO 591 295 
Boundaries
now: Herefordshire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Herefordshire
Diocese
now: Hereford
medieval: Hereford
Dedication
now: St John the Baptist
medieval: St John the Baptist (pre-Reformation)
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
07 Jun 2011