Fawley chapel is in the parish of Brockhampton, in the Wye valley, 3 miles N of Ross-on-Wye. It is situated at the end of a lane, alongside a farm on the N bank of the River Wye, and is a two-celled building with a barrel-vaulted chancel. Construction is of sandstone rubble with a rough ashlar facing to the S wall of the nave. The earliest parts are 12thc, it was widened to the S and lengthened westwards, probably in the 14thc and further work dates from the 16thc and 17thc, when a W bell chamber and double bell-opening was added. The chancel was rebuilt in 1827. Romanesque features recorded here are the triple-arched chancel arch, the blocked N doorway and the font.
Fawley is not mentioned by name in the Domesday Survey, but the chapel was at some stage a chapel of ease to Brockhampton, and it is fair to assume that the it fell within that manor. In 1086 Brockhampton was made up of 5 English hides and 3 Welsh hides, held by the Canons of Hereford Cathedral.
Round headed, single order, blocked. Jambs and arch form a continuous order with a slight chamfer. There is a quirked hollow chamfered label with no stops, the ends chamfered off at arch springing level.
|Height of opening||2.18m|
|Width of opening||1.09m|
A triple round-headed arch of one order to E and W. The arches are carried on square piers flanking the central opening with square section responds forming the outer jambs of the flanking openings. The arches are plain and unmoulded and there are plain chamfered impost blocks. The central arch is wider and taller than the flanking ones; it is also more worn in its jambstones, imposts and voussoirs, and might thus be the only original one.
In the centre of the nave towards the W end. It consists of an octagonal cushion capital, roughly tooled, on a conical stem with a plain later step. The bowl is unlined and there is staple removal damage on the rim at N and S. The letters IC and IT are inscribed on the rim at the NW.
|Height of bowl||0.54m|
|Height of bowl + stem||0.81m|
|Height of stem||0.27m|
|External diameter of bowl at rim (across flats)||0.78m|
|Internal diameter of bowl at rim||0.56m|
A. Brooks and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. New Haven and London 2012, 234.
Herefordshire Sites and Monuments Record 6830
Historic England Listed Building 154275
N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. Harmondsworth 1963, 131.
RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, 2. East, (1932), 34-35.