Garvald and Bara Parish Church, Garvald

Feature Sets (2)

Description

The church is rectangular on plan. It was enlarged in 1677 and again in 1829, but much of the lower masonry courses may be of medieval date.  Sections of a Romanesque string course survive on the exterior.

History

Early documents concerning the church no longer survive. The lands of the parish were primarily held by the Cistercian nunnery at Haddington, which was founded by the Countess Ada in the 1150s.  It is not unlikely that the church was annexed to the nunnery about this time, as a 1298 tax roll lists the church amongst the possessions of the Haddington nuns.

Features

Exterior Features

Exterior Decoration

String courses

nave string course

At a height of approx. 2.6m above ground level a Romanesque string course returns along part of the N and W walls. Chamfered along top and bottom edges, it is decorated on its main face with a repeated diamond motif carved in relief.

Dimensions
Height 0.15 m

Comments/Opinions

Documentary evidence would seem to suggest a mid-12th century church.  The surviving string course, with its string of diamond-shaped motifs, is found elsewhere in Scotland, an early example being St Margaret's Chapel in Edinburgh, which is unlikely to be before the 1120s.  A mid-12th century date for Galvald seems likely, but not certain.  A general date of either the 2nd or 3rd quarters of the 12th century is most credible.

Bibliography

  • R. Fawcett, et. al., The Corpus of Scottish Medieval Parish Churches¬†(http://arts.st-andrews.ac.uk/corpusofscottishchurches/)

  • C. McWilliam, The Buildings of Scotland: Lothian.¬†Harmondsworth 1978, 207.

  • RCAHMS, Inventory of Monuments in East Lothian.¬†Edinburgh 1924, 29.

Location

Site Location
Garvald and Bara Parish Church, Garvald
National Grid Reference
NT 590 709 
Boundaries
now: East Lothian
pre-1975 traditional (Scotland): East Lothian
Diocese
now: n/a
medieval: St. Andrews
Dedication
now:
medieval: none recorded
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
James King, Neil Cameron 
Visit Date
19 Oct 2011