St Lawrence, Waltham St Lawrence, Berkshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Waltham St Lawrence is a small village in wooded farmland 4 miles SW of Maidenhead and 8 miles NE of Reading.  The church stands in the centre of the village, and comprises a two-bay 12thc. aisled nave extended to the E by two Dec bays, and a W tower,and a chancel with N and S chapels all c.1300 or later. The nave has a S porch, and the N chapel a modern N vestry. Romanesque sculpture is found in the 12thc nave arcade capitals.

History

Waltham St Lawrence, White Waltham and Shottesbrooke together made up the early Anglo-Saxon royal estate of Wealdham. The three were separate manors by 1007. Waltham St Lawrence belonged to Queen Edith in the Confessor's time, and by 1086 it had become part of the royal demesne. Subsequently it followed the descent of Wargrave.

The advowson of the church was held by Geoffrey de Mandeville, who granted it to Hurley priory on its foundation c1086. It remained with the priory until its Dissolution.

Features

Interior Features

Arcades

Nave

N arcade, bays 3 and 4

Round-headed, two bays, single order with plain arches supported on rectangular piers with quirked, hollow-chamfered imposts.  

S arcade, bays 3 and 4

The two bays are unequal in width - the W being much the narrower.  Like the N arcade,the piers are plain and rectangular and the arches plain and round headed, but both imposts of bay 3 (which faces the S doorway) are carved with fluted chamfers with a scalloped edge. The faces of the imposts are all plain except for the block on the NW corner of bay 3 E impost, which has a single groove.

Comments/Opinions

Similar fluted imposts are found on the S arcade at Enborne.

Bibliography

  • L. Over, The Churches of Wealdham, White Waltham, 1989, 1.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Berkshire. Harmondsworth, 1966, 251.

  • G. Tyack, S. Bradley and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Berkshire.  New Haven and London 2010, 584-85 (with plan).

  • Victoria County History: Berkshire III (1923), 179-84.

Location

Site Location
Waltham St Lawrence
National Grid Reference
SU 829 770 
Boundaries
now: Windsor and Maidenhead
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Berkshire
Diocese
medieval: Salisbury
now: Oxford
Dedication
now: St Lawrence
medieval: St Lawrence
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
18 August 1991, 8 November 2013