St Giles, Newington, Oxfordshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Newington lies about 4.5 miles N of Wallingford in South Oxfordshire. The church, together with rectory and manor house form the centre of a group of four hamlets. The church consists of a nave, chancel, north transept, west tower with spire and south porch. The two nave doorways are 12thc, whilst the N transept of about 1200 has a pointed arch with two unchamfered orders. The western corners of the nave have quoins with characteristic Romanesque angle rolls.

History

The manor was granted in 997 by Queen Elgiva to Christ Church, Canterbury (Anon. 1846, 325). In 1086 the Archbishop of Canterbury held the manor and there were 5 slaves, 22 villeins and 10 bordars, at this date the manor also held four houses in nearby Wallingford. The advowson was held by the Archbishop until the mid 19thc.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N doorway of nave

The N doorway has a round arch with roll and hollow mouldings, and shaft capitals with flat upright leaves.

Dimensions
Height of capital 10 cm
Height of impost 10 cm
Shaft diameter 14 cm
1st order

The 1st order is a plain semicircular arch with a continuous chamfer.

2nd order

Cubical bases support detached shafts on attic bases with flat leaf capitals, with quirked and chamfered imposts with a roll on the chamfer flanking them. The semicircular arch above has a hollow, a keeled roll on the edge and a hollow chamfer outside. There is a hollow-chamfered and quirked hoodmould above.

S doorway of nave

The S doorway is rebuilt with new jambs and band of angled lozenge on a roll reused as a hood mould. The headstops are possibly earlier work recarved in the 14thc according to the Buildings of England.

Exterior Decoration

Miscellaneous

W quoins of nave.

Both corners of the W end of the nave retain their quoining with an angle roll, showing that the side walls are largely untouched Romanesque.

Comments/Opinions

Bibliography

  • Anon. A Guide to the Architectural Antiquities in the Neighbourhood of Oxford, Oxford 1846, 321-325

  • Anon, Newington St Giles, Oxfordshire, 1987

  • A.Williams and G.H. Martin (ed.) Domesday Book. A Complete Translation London 2003, 136, 425

  • F. Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications, London 1899, pt 3, 209

  • Historic England Archives BF061755

  • Historic England Building Listing 1193229

  • J. Sherwood and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, Harmondsworth 1974, 715-716

Location

Site Location
Newington
National Grid Reference
SU 609 965 
Boundaries
now: Oxfordshire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Oxfordshire
Diocese
now: Oxford
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
Dedication
now: St Giles
medieval: St Giles
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
John Wand 
Visit Date
06 July 2017