St Peter, Pedmore, Worcestershire

Feature Sets (3)

Description

The old church was pulled down in 1869, but some 12thc. stones were reused in the new building of 1871: the plain chancel arch, for example, now frames the organ bay. Romanesque sculpture is found in the reset S doorway of the nave and on a fragment in the N wall of the tower.

History

There was a priest at Pedmore in 1086, when the manor was held by Acard of William Fitz Ansculf. It was held by Giffard de Tiringham under Gervase Peynel (1166-89); he was known as Giffard de Pedmore (VCH 3, 201-3). The overlordship of Pedmore descended with the manor of Northfield, also held by Gervase Peynel.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

Nave, S doorway (reset)

Round-headed, two orders, with carved monolithic tympanum.

Dimensions
h. of tympanum 0.93 m
w. of tympanum 1.85 m
L capital:
h. incl. necking 0.23 m
h. without necking 0.21 m
max. w. of E face 0.23 m
max. w. of S face 0.23 m
First order

Resting directly on plain modern jambs, the tympanum is carved with Christ in Majesty. Christ is seated within a beaded mandorla of irregular shape with two serpent-head terminals beneath his feet. His R hand is raised in benediction, his L rests on a book. The figure is crowned, has a drooping moustache and wears a ?chasuble over a garment with nested V-folds. The mandorla is borne by symbols of the Four Evangelists, the eagle of St John above the bull of St Luke on the L, and the winged man of St Mathew above the lion of St Mark on the R. The tympanum is made of red sandstone and has a break in the L corner. It leans back slightly, but is backed by cement.

Second order

Nook shafts on spurred attic bases, plain neckings, triple scallop capitals with angle tucks (see below) and hollow-chamfered impost blocks with a groove on the face and reeding below the chamfer. The R nook shaft has been renewed to match the L, and the R capital is a heavily repaired version of the L one, and incorporates a large piece of new and different stone. Although tidied up, the shields show one central hole which could have accommodated a compass point, although there are no inscribed circles. Both impost blocks are renewals, in a pink stone, quite different from the yellowish stone of the capitals.

L capital: sheathed cones, the sheaths forming a V-shape. On the E face are compass marks of two intersecting circles, the centres of which correspond to the junctions between the shields. Shields eroded on S face, with losses at the angle. In the arch, point-to-point chevron with cogwheel edge. The chevrons are centrifugally carved and outlined by two rows of reeding on the face, one on the soffit. The voussoirs, made of a yellowish sandstone, are irregular in shape; one narrow one renewed. On the label, two rolls separated by a wedge moulding, the latter terminating in pyramidal label stops.

Interior Features

Interior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Carved panel

Inset fragment in N tower wall, 25 m above the floor. A rectangular panel, horizontally set, carved with a foreward-facing winged beast with protruding tongue and a beaded ribbon issuing from each corner of the mouth. Slanting almond-shaped eyes with drilled pupils.

Comments/Opinions

The fragment set in the N wall of the tower seems to be by the same workshop as the tympanum. There are some stylistic resemblances between carving on the tympanum, particularly the forward-facing lion's head, with a capital in the cloister at Reading Abbey (see Stone 19.., pl.37a), as well as to the font at Holt and the upper stem of the font at Broome. The doorway shows loose similarities with the N doorway at Chaddesley Corbett, although this has only a plain tympanum, and the capitals with those on the N wall windows at Rock. A carved stone head inset into the S tower wall is probably post Romanesque.

Bibliography

  • The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Worcestershire, vol.III. London 1913, 201–03.
  • N.Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Worcestershire. Harmondsworth 1968, 16, 45-46, 234.

Location

Site Location
Pedmore
National Grid Reference
SO 912 822 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Worcestershire
now: West Midlands
Diocese
medieval: Worcester
now: Worcester
Dedication
now: St Peter
medieval: St Peter
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
G. L. Pearson