The church of St. Manacca is sited at the centre of the village within its raised and wooded churchyard or lann. The church dates to the 12th and 15thC and was probably cruciform originally. Considerable parts of the 12thC chancel, south transept and south wall of the nave remain today. The most important feature from this period is the south doorway. A Romanesque pier with a chamfered leading edge is exposed at the angle of the chancel and south transept.
Manaccan first occurs in a charter of King Edgar, dated 967, where it is called Lesmanoc – Place of the Monks – suggesting perhaps that it was originally a Celtic monastery. The church seems to have been known as a Minster down to the time of Henry VI.
The doorway has three orders. The jambs and (restored) imposts are part of the Norman build, but the arch, with its curious fluted voussoirs, has been remodelled.
This has damaged plinths and bases, nook shafts, scalloped capitals with plain neckings and square and chamfered imposts, possibly replacements. The label is mostly lost, except on the far right-hand side. The fluted voussoirs terminate in an angle roll at the leading edge.
This repeats the elements of the first order.
This again repeats the elements of the first and second orders, but above the capitals--which now lack imposts--is an arch of plain voussoirs with a chamfered leading edge. Above the arch is a reset corbel and cross, both roughly carved or damaged.
|Height of capitals||0.25 m|
|Height to top of arch||0.261 m|
|Height to top of capitals||0.183 m|
|Internal width between jambs||0.92 m|
|Overall width of arch||0.208 m|
|Width of jambs||0.35 m|
|Height (exposed)||135 cm|
|Width (exposed)||20 cm|
Historic England listed building number 1328590:
https://historicengland.org.uk/listing/the-list/list-entry/1328590 accessed 22 July 2016.
P. Beacham and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England – Cornwall (New Haven and London, 2014).
J. Betjeman, Cornwall – A Shell Guide (London, 1964)
C. Henderson, The Cornish Church Guide and Parochial History of Cornwall (Truro, 1925).
The Parish Church of Manaccan, Our History. Church guide. (Purchased 2015)
N. Orme, The Saints of Cornwall (Oxford, 2000).
N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England - Cornwall (Harmondsworth, 1951).
E. H. Sedding, Norman Architecture in Cornwall, (London, 1909).