St Mary, Dilwyn, Herefordshire

Feature Sets (3)

Description

Dilwyn is a village in the N of the county, 6 miles WSW of Leominster. The church is in the village centre, built of local sandstone rubble and ashlar, and consists of a chancel, an aisled nave with 5-bay arcades and a transeptal N chapel. The S doorway is 13thc, under a14thc porch, while the N doorway is blocked. The W tower is slightly displaced to the S, and is the oldest part of the church dating from c.1200. There are Romanesque windows in its N, S and W faces. A disused font is also 12thc work. The font in current use is a 14thc piece sited in the centre of the nave at the W end.

History

The chief manor in Dilwyn was held by Edwin in 1066, and by William d’Ecouis in 1086. It was valued at 3 hides. William also held a manor that was held by Leominster Abbey before it was dissolved in the 11thc, by Almaer in 1066, and by Richard from William of Ecouis in 1086. It was assessed at 1 hide. A third manor of 1 hide in the same vill, also held by William in 1086, had been held by Earnwig in 1066.

Features

Exterior Features

Windows

Tower N face, 2nd storey window

A 2-order pointed lancet; both orders continuous and the 2nd order chamfered.

Tower S face, 2nd storey window

A 2-order pointed lancet; both orders continuous, and both with an angle roll and face hollow.

Tower W face, 2nd storey window

As S face 2nd storey window.

Furnishings

Fonts

Disused font

Sited in the SW angle of the nave, on a ledge surrounded by old gravestones is a plain tub-shaped font bowl, unlined and with marks indicating lock removal at the NW and SE of the bowl. The bowl has a horizontal crack, repaired with mortar, just below the rim.

Dimensions
External diameter of bowl at rim 0.78m
Height of bowl 0.55m
Interior diameter of bowl at rim 0.59m

Comments/Opinions

In view of the fact that the 1st-storey S tower window has a dogtooth label it seems likely that the lower storeys of the tower are 13thc rather than 12thc.

Bibliography

  • A. Brooks and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. New Haven and London 2012, 195-97.

  • Historic England Listed Building 149798

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. Harmondsworth 1963, 110-12.

  • RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, 3: North-west, 1934, 36-43.

Location

Site Location
Dilwyn
National Grid Reference
SO 415 547 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Herefordshire
now: Herefordshire
Diocese
medieval: Hereford
now: Hereford
Dedication
now: St Mary
medieval: St Mary (pre-Reformation)
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
11 July 2012