St Mary, Kenderchurch, Herefordshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Kenderchurch is SW Herefordshire, 10 miles SW of Hereford and a mile from the Welsh border. The church stands on a hill above the A465, overlooking Pontrilas Sawmill, and Kenderchurch consists of little more than this. The church was closed for public worship on 1 January 2013, and the parish largely transferred to Kilpeck. St Mary’s consists of a chancel with a 19thc N vestry, and a nave with a S porch and a bell-cote over the W gable. The church was almost entirely rebuilt by William Chick in 1870-71. The only Romanesque feature is the font.

History

The vill is not recorded in the Domesday Survey. The church was originally dedicated to Saint Cyndir/Keneder, a disciple of Saint Cadoc who reputedly negotiated with Arthur. The site is mentioned in a list of churches in Ergyng, south Herefordshire, in the Book of Llandaff. Saint Cyndir’s name, or variants thereof, was still being used in 1291 and 1341 (Bannister (1916).

Features

Furnishings

Fonts

Font

At the W end of the nave, on the S side is a plain red sandstone font consisting of a tub-shaped bowl on a cylindrical stem with a chamfered block base on a square step. The bowl is unlined, and its rim is decorated with a row of incised zigzags. There is a staple hole at the SE of the rim and a staple projecting at the NW. The rim is damaged at the SW.

Dimensions
External diameter of bowl at rim 0.72m
Height of base 0.30m
Height of bowl 0.32m
Height of font (without step) 0.91m
Height of stem 0.29m
Internal diameter of bowl at rim 0.55m

Comments/Opinions

Glasbury church (Powys) is dedicated to the same saint. The location of the church, on a steep hill, and the evidence of a bank and ditch around it suggest the possibility of a re-used, pre-Christian site.

Bibliography

  • R. T. Bannister, The Place Names of Herefordshire: their origin and development, Cambridge 1916, 103.

  • A. Brooks and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. New Haven and London 2012, 381-82.

  • Herefordshire Sites and Monuments Record 6824

  • Historic England Listed Building 155542

  • G. Marshall, “Fonts in Herefordshire”,  Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists’ Field Club,  II (1950), 29-30.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. Harmondsworth 1963, 199.

  • RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, 1: South-west, 1931, 152.

Location

Site Location
Kenderchurch
National Grid Reference
SO 403 284 
Boundaries
now: Herefordshire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Herefordshire
Diocese
now: Hereford
medieval: Hereford
Dedication
now: St Mary
medieval: St Cyndir (1291, 1341)
Type of building/monument
Redundant parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
08 October 2013