St Andrew, Oakington, Cambridgeshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

St Andrew's has a low, five-bay nave with 13thc. aisles of slightly different designs, and no clerestorey but big, Perpendicular aisle windows. The 13thc. chancel is aisleless and has a 19thc. E window in a Perpendicular style. There is a late-13thc. W tower without a spire. Construction is of pebble rubble on an ashlar plinth course except for the chancel where a good deal of coarse, dark brown conglomerate is used. The E wall of the chancel is rendered. The only Romanesque feature is the font.

History

The Abbot of Crowland held seven-and-a-half hides in Oakington in 1086. Roger held 1½ hides from Countess Judith, and the wife of Boselin de Dives held 1½ hides, which were given to her by the Bishop of Bayeux, 'but the men of the hundred do not know on what grounds'. Aelfgat the Priest held 15 acres from the Abbot of Ely. Something under 4 hides were held by three knights of Picot of Cambridge, and in 1092 Picot granted ? of the tithes of this and other manors for the foundation of Barnwell Priory. By the 1190s Oakington was one of three Cambridgeshire parishes whose rector was presented by Crowland Abbey, Lincs.

Features

Furnishings

Fonts

At W end of S aisle, a square, arcaded 12thc. bowl mortared onto a later medieval support (five octagonal shafts with high moulded bases but no capitals, supporting a chamfered block). The arcading is irregular with three bays on the E and N faces and two bays on the S. The W face is plain, so the font was probably sited against a wall originally. The arcades are of stilted semicircular arches with ovals for capitals. At each angle of the bowl is a roll treated as a shaft with a cushion capital. The basin is circular with a lead lining and there are mortar repairs on the rim.

Dimensions
ext. h. of bowl 0.46 m
ext. w. (E-W) 0.705 m
ext. w. (N-S) 0.705 m
int. diam. of bowl 0.535 m

Comments/Opinions

Bibliography

  • G. R. Bossier, Notes on the Cambridgeshire Churches. 1827, 25.
  • The Victoria History of the County of Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely, IV, 1953, 155-57.
  • C. H. Evelyn-White, County Churches: Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely. London 1911, 139-40.
  • The Ecclesiastical and Architectural Topography of England: Cambridgeshire (Architectural Institute of Great Britain and Ireland), Oxford 1852, 85.
  • F. S. L. Johnson, A Catalogue of Romanesque Sculpture in Cambridgeshire and the Isle of Ely. M.Phil (London, Courtauld Institute), 1984.
  • D. and S. Lysons, Magna Britannia. Cambridgeshire II, pt I, London 1808, 60, 214-15.
  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Cambridgeshire, Harmondsworth 1954 (2nd ed. 1970), 444.

Location

Site Location
Oakington
National Grid Reference
TL 415 648 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Cambridgeshire
now: Cambridgeshire
Diocese
medieval: not confirmed
now: Ely
Dedication
now: St Andrew
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter