St Gregory, Castlemorton, Worcestershire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

Built of rubble masonry, the church has a 12thc. nave and chancel, and a later medieval S transept, W tower and timber N porch. Romanesque sculpture is found in the S and N doorways; at least the S doorway was reset in 1880.

History

Castlemorton formed part of the manor of Longdon, and is not mentioned by name in the Domesday Survey.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N doorway, nave (?reset)

Round-headed, two orders, with monolithic tympanum bearing an Agnus Dei facing L, carved in low relief on a recessed semicircular ground.

Dimensions
d. of tympanum 0.20 m
h. of opening 2.11 m
h. of tympanum 0.81 m
w. of opening 1.0 m
w. of tympanum 1.53 m
L capital
d. 0.17 m
h. 0.205 m
w. 0.16 m
R capital
d. 0.155 m
h. incl. necking 0.215 m
h. without necking 0.185 m
w. 0.16 m
First order

Plain square jambs.

Second order

Detached nook shafts on eroded attic bases; necking destroyed on L, plain on R; double scallop capitals, the L plain, the R with hollowed shields and an angle tuck. Hollow-chamfered imposts, the L with a roll between two grooves on the face and with losses at the angle, the R plain and ?replaced. Three rows of chevrons in the arch (roll, hollow, roll), frontal to the face, inside a row of saw-tooth. Hollow-chamfered label with one row of zigzag on the face.

S doorway, nave (reset)

Depressed (originally round-headed but the lower voussoirs on either side missing), two orders, with plain monolithic tympanum with broken edge at top L and flaked surface at bottom.

Dimensions
h. of opening 2.16 m
w. of opening 1.22 m
First order

Plain square jambs

Second order

Detached nook shafts on eroded moulded bases; necking destroyed on R, eroded and plain on L; L capital triple scallop with depressed, tongue-shaped shields separated by vertical rolls, R capital eroded, but possibly double scallop with angle volute. Hollow-chamfered imposts with major losses, but the L with saw-tooth on the face. In the arch, three rows of chevrons frontal to the face, with an eroded head at the apex and the lower voussoirs on either side missing. Hollow-chamfered label with a row of saw-tooth on the face.

Comments/Opinions

Both doorways have been repaired and amended; the head at the apex of the S doorway is of uncertain date. The S doorway was probably the main entrance at one time. Frontal chevrons also appear at Earls Croome (Pevsner, 114), and there is an Agnus Dei on the tympanum of Preston-by-Ledbury in Gloucestershire (Stratford in Pevsner 1968, 114, fn.).

Bibliography

  • The Victoria History of the Counties of England. Worcestershire,vol.IV, London 1924, 50-53.
  • C. J. Bond, 'Church and Parish in Norman Worcestershire' in J. Blair (ed.)Minsters and Parish Churches: The Local Church in Transition 950-1200. Oxford University Committee for Archaeology Monograph 17, Oxford 1988, 119-158, 150.
  • N.Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Worcestershire, Harmondsworth 1968, 46, 114-115.

Location

Site Location
Castlemorton
National Grid Reference
SO 795 373 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Worcestershire
now: Worcestershire
Diocese
medieval: Worcester
now: Worcester
Dedication
now: St Gregory
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
G. L. Pearson