St Lawrence, Tallington, Lincolnshire

Feature Sets (5)

Description

The plan of this church is rather odd in that the W tower, 14thc., does not align with the nave arcades, which are primarily of the 13thc. The transepts, based on their windows, are of the 13thc. on the S and of the 14th/early 16thc. on the N, as is the chancel. The S arcade is one bay shorter to the W than the N and in place of this extra bay is a Romanesque S doorway. There are also two reset 12thc. fragments in the E wall of the vestry, one loose fragment in the nave, and a Transitional wall piscina in the chancel.

History

The village is mentioned in the Domesday Survey but no church is recorded.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

S doorway, nave

Round-headed, with tympanum, two orders.

First order: plain jamb, tympanum is one monolithic piece of stone. No lintel.

Second order: bulbous base with directional lateral chevron on L base and bi-directional lateral chevron on R base; round, detached, en delit nook shafts; cushion capitals with hollow chamfer necking; chamfered impost with two horizontal, parallel quirks on face is of separate piece of stone from capital.

In the arch, second order: directional radial chevron of one large and two smaller chevron rolls; the voussoir to the left of centre at the top of the arch is a new insert as is the L 1/3 of the voussoir to the R of it. Above this a large roll mould in hollow. The label has a lower chamfer and a row of saltire crosses on face.

Dimensions
h. of opening 2.29 m
w. of opening 1.125 m
Tympanum:
h. 0.69 m
thickness 0.26 m
w. 1.43 m

Interior Features

Interior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Shaft fragment

Reset shaft fragment with chevron ornament. Located in the E wall of the S transept 0.77 m from juncture with S wall and 1.18 m above floor level.

Dimensions
diam 0.135 m
max. h. 0.295 m

Furnishings

Piscinae/Pillar Piscinae

Piscina

Located in S wall of chancel 0.57 m from juncture with E wall and 0.82 m above floor level. Two colonnettes in hollow chamfer with attic bases (almost waterholding) flank the simple, round piscina; roll mould necking on foliate capitals of upright leaves.

Dimensions
h. (incl. necking) 0.115 m
max. w., N face 0.11 m
max. w., W face 0.12 m
R capital:
h. (incl. necking) 0.115 m
max. w., E face 0.115 m
max. w., N face 0.115 m
H. of colonnettes (not incl. plinth):
l 0.37 m
r 0.375 m

Piscina

Located in the E wall of the S transept 1.08 m from juncture with S wall and 1.18 m above floor level. Cushion carved on three sides; basin is chamfered on four sides; drain leads diagonally back into wall. Lower R side is broken off.

Dimensions
max. h. 0.165 m
max. w., N face 0.16 m
max. w., S face 0.17 m
max. w., W face 0.19 m

Loose Sculpture

Voussoir

Located on nave floor at N base of W tower arch; point-to-point chevron roll in hollow.

Dimensions

max. h. 0.22 m
max. w. 0.18 m

Comments/Opinions

The location of the S doorway in an expanse of the S nave wall aligned with the S nave arcade is confusing. On the nave side of the doorway the jambs look to be good 12thc. stone with the round-headed arch over the plain tympanum as one would expect; the arch is now mostly obscured by the wood and glass enclosure. Are the doorway nook-shafts original? Their diameter is too small for that of the capitals and particularly the bases. And are the bases themselves capitals reused upside down? The R base certainly appears to have an abacus. On the other hand, the parish church at Melbourne has lateral directional chevron on the upper base sections of its chancel arch. On the label of the S doorway here there is a segment on the lower L side that extends 0.10 m to the W and does not meet horizontally flush with the impost, as on the R, but is angled upward approx. 30 degrees. Is this a workshop error or is the label reset from another location?

Bibliography

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Lincolnshire. London 1990, 740-41.

Location

Site Location
Tallington
National Grid Reference
TF 091 078 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Lincolnshire
now: Lincolnshire
Diocese
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
now: Lincoln
Dedication
now: St Lawrence
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Thomas E. Russo