St Nicholas, Glatton, Huntingdonshire

Feature Sets (2)

Description

St Nicholas' has an aisled nave, the aisles embracing the W tower, a N transept and a chancel with N vestry and W tower with no spire. The three-bay nave arcades belong to the early years of the 13thc., but are included here since they include a multi-scallop capital. Their round piers have been heightened considerably. Above them is a tall Perpendicular clerestorey, so that the nave is unusually high. This heightening is most spectacularly seen in the vertiginous tower arch. The aisles were rebuilt and extended W alongside the tower c.1300. The vestry has a two-bay quadripartite rib vault. The chancel was rebuilt in two phases, 1839-40 and 1857, and the remainder of the church was restored in 1869. Construction is of stone rubble except for the tower, which is ashlar faced. There are fragments of dogtooth reset high in the E gable of the nave.

History

Glatton was held by Count Eustace in 1086, and Domesday notes a church and a priest.

Features

Interior Features

Arcades

Nave

N and S arcades

Three bays, round-headed. The piers are cylindrical with half-column responds at either end of each arcade. Bases are octagonal and water holding. Capitals are octagonal too, and of a variety of moulded profiles except for N arcade pier 2, which is of multi-scallop form, three scallops per face, with shields outlined by a groove. The necking and impost of this capital are chamfered. The arch is double stepped, each step chamfered on both faces.

Comments/Opinions

The scallop capital stands out as a Romanesque form in arcades which, despite their round heads, would otherwise be dated comfortably in the 13thc. RCHM(E) suggests 1230-40, and this would suit the moulded capital forms and the bases; Pevsner prefers c.1200, which is surely too early.

Bibliography

  • Victoria County History: Huntingdonshire. III (1936)
  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Bedfordshire and the County of Huntingdon and Peterborough, Harmondsworth 1968, 247-48.
  • RCHM(E), An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Huntingdonshire. London 1926, 102-06.

Location

Site Location
Glatton
National Grid Reference
TL 153 861 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Huntingdonshire
now: Cambridgeshire
Diocese
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
now: Ely
Dedication
now: St Nicholas
medieval: not confirmed
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter