St Margaret, Warnham, Sussex

Feature Sets (2)

Description

The church is substantially late medieval and Victorian, retaining no evidence of the Norman structure to which the font may have belonged.

History

Warnham is not mentioned in the Domesday Book, but before 1204 William de Braose gave the church to Rusper Nunnery (confirmed by Bishop Seffrid II, 1180-1204, VCH vol II, 63ff). Rusper Nunnery also held the churches of Ifield, Selham and, from 1231, Horsham.

The medieval dedication is noted in a will of 1505: Sussex Record Society, 45, p.296.

Features

Furnishings

Fonts

(Location: W end of nave, to N of doorway.) A square basin of Sussex marble carved with five round-headed shallow arches on the E, S and N faces, and a central uncarved square area flanked by one and half arches on the W face. Rather than suggesting that the W face is unfinished, the square area indicates that it abutted a wall or pier originally. The outlines of the arches are bevelled and beneath the arcading the bowl is chamfered. A horizontal break runs around the bowl at the springing of the arches, and there are central vertical joins on the S and W sides. The interior is circular and lead-lined. The bowl is supported by one thick central shaft and four slender angle shafts, also Sussex marble, which seem to have been renewed or heavily retooled. They sit on a square modern plinth.

Dimensions
h. of bowl 0.325 m
int. dia. 0.60 m
w. of bowl (bottom) 0.71 - 0.72 m
w. of bowl (top) 0.755 - 0.76 m

Comments/Opinions

The font is of a simple type found frequently in Sussex and neighbouring counties which seems to have been popular over a long period, extending into the 13thc., and examples are difficult to date. The majority, however, seem to have been produced in the second half of the 12thc.,and the Warnham font can be tentatively assigned to that period.

Bibliography

  • Reliquary, 24, 210
  • Sussex Record Society, 45, 296
  • Victoria County History: Sussex. 4 (Chichester Rape) 1953, 205; 216
  • M. F. Drummond-Roberts, Some Sussex Fonts Photographed and Described. Brighton 1935, 95
  • J. L. AndrĂ©, 'Fonts in Sussex Churches', Sussex Archaeological Collections 44, 1901.
  • I. Nairn and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Sussex. Harmondsworth 1965, 363
  • F.W. Steer, Warnham Church, guidebook, n.d.
  • A. K. Walker, An Introduction to the Study of English Fonts with Details of those in Sussex. London 1908, 80-81.

Location

Site Location
Warnham
National Grid Reference
TQ 159 337 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Sussex
now: West Sussex
Diocese
medieval: Chichester
now: Chichester
Dedication
now: St Margaret
medieval: Blessed Virgin Mary (1505)
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Kathryn Morrison