St Ethelbert’s comprises a square W tower, chancel, nave and S aisle. The N nave wall of the Norman church survives, although restored. The chancel and S aisle date from about 1300 and the W tower is of the late 15thc. The church, including the porch sheltering the elaborately decorated Romanesque S door, underwent restoration in the 19thc. Within the building there is a Romanesque font and also a colonnette, reused as a support for the Gothic piscina in the chancel.
Larling was in the hundred of Shropham, territory of William of Warenne, at the time of DS. DS records that Hugh held land there. The jurisdiction of Larling was in the royal manor of Buckenham which was thus entitled to financial dues. Before 1066, Ulfketel held land in Larling. The dedication to St Ethelbert, an East Anglian king marytyred in 794, suggests that the church marks the site of an Anglo-Saxon settlement. A decorated 9thc. bone panel was discovered beside it in 1970.
|h. of opening||2.18 m|
|max. h.||2.58 m|
|max. w. (between outer edges of label)||2.12 m|
|w. of opening||1.05 m|
Along the outer edge of each voussoir at either side is an inward curling drilled leaf.
Attic bases on square plinths support colonnettes which have a shaft-ring halfway up. Below the shaft-ring, each colonnette is cylindrical and undecorated. Above the shaft-ring, each colonnette is polygonal and decorated with rows of chevron (of the profile roll-roll-hollow-roll-roll) each row mirroring its neighbour and forming lozenges between. Both the decorated and plain portion of each colonnette is a monolith. The shaft ring on the L is decorated on its inner face with a cat mask, lying sideways, with baggy, bulging, lidded eyes. The cat's extended tongue weaves beneath a broad, notched strap, its tip touching the rosette encircled by veined leaves, carved on the shaft-ring's outer face. The ornament on the R shaft-ring is not legible. Between the colonnettes is a vertical row of triangular billet. (compare Norwich Cathedral fragments: voussoir type 3)
L capital: two symmetrical, tall stems on each face form volutes on the angles, a small curled stem lies below the volute on the outer side of each face, while on the angle below the volute are two symmetrical, confronted serpents with open mouths and drilled eyes. Between the volutes on each face are two small leaves growing from a stem, forming a lobed T-shape. The necking is carved with a row of cable.
The arch has a fat, nook roll followed by a chamfer. The chamfer is carved with a series of motifs which comprise variations on dogtooth as well as animal and human masks. (compare Chedgrave, All Saints, decorated billet of doorway arch)
Similar to second order. Attic bases on square plinths support colonnettes divided by shaft rings. Here, however, the decorated section above the shaft-ring on L and R consists of a two-strand cable. One strand is rounded while the other is flat and carved with a double row of pierced triangles, the pairs adjoined to form parallelograms. Each parellogram is separated by a vertical roll of cable. The strand as a whole is edged with a fine roll.
The shaft-ring on the L is carved with interlace. The outer face is damaged but the inner is legible. Here, the interlace forms a pattern resembling a lobed quincunx. The weathered shaft-ring on the R is decorated with stems forming echoing curves. following the colonnette is a vertical row of triangular billet, as lies between the first and second order colonnettes.
L capital: this has two crossed, grooved stems on each face, the outer stems form volutes on each face of the capital, the inner stems meet at the angle to form a volute which is enclosed by a roundel with a grooved clasp at either side. The volute itself is damaged but might originally have borne a mask. The necking has single cable ornament.
R capital: similar to first order, R capital. The stems which form the volute on the angle are feathered, the others are grooved. A grooved strap runs horizontally around the body of the capital, linking the two faces.
|diam. of shaft||0.29m|
|h.||0.57m (from bottom of base to top of impost)|
|h. of shaft||0.28m|
|w.||0.11m (upper edge of capital)|
H. J. Dukinfield Astley, Memorials of Old Norfolk, London 1908, 189, 200, pl. 7.
D Dymond, The Norfolk Landscape, Bury St Edmunds, 1990 (2nd edn.), 85-6.
J. A. Franklin, The Romanesque Cloister Sculpture of Norwich Cathedral, MA thesis, Univ. of East Anglia, 1980, 38.
P Brown, (ed.), Domesday Book: Norfolk, 2 vols, London and Chichester 1984.
N. Pevsner and B. Wilson, The Buildings of England: Norfolk: North-West and South, Harmondsworth, 1962, revised 1999, 2:515.