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South transept, west wall, re-set fragments

Image of the feature "IV. Interior Features: 5. Interior Decoration: c. Miscellaneous: Reset fragments in walls of nave, south transept and south nave aisle" at Campsall.

by John McElheran.

There are 29 fragments re-set in the south wall of the south aisle on both sides of the south doorway and in the south transept adjacent. There are two further fragments in the north wall of the nave.

Pevsner 1967, 154, suggests many of these fragments were reset from the south aisle arch. There are several patterns (equivalent to orders) and surely they must represent more than an arch in such an insignificant position, perhaps the south doorway of the earlier twelfth-century church? Or apse arches for transept chapels (compare Newbald, YE)? They were probably discovered and reset during the restoration in the 1870s.

The guide c. 1965, p. 9, says ‘Other such stones are to be seen in a rockery in the grounds of the Hall adjoining the south side of the churchyard.’ Since publication, the Hall has been demolished and replaced by a housing estate. No stones were known to the vicar.

Most pieces are to the east of the south doorway; to the west of the doorway there was a large noticeboard, and then two more pieces.

1. Fragment with cable pattern, compare no. 9. Width 0.15m. 

2-5. Four voussoirs, soffit side. One has an angle moulding, the others the ridge which would lie alongside a row of chevron on the angle. Total width, 0.54m; height 0.24m. 

6, 7. Two more soffit voussoirs, two ridges before the angle. Total width 0.3m; height 0.245m.

8. Chevrons crossing to make a lozenge, a fillet at the bottom. Width 0.13m, height 0.25m.

9. A row of cable, and second row beneath making scallops. As number 1. Not measured.

10. Similar to number 8. Width 0.14m, height 0.28m.

11, 12. Voussoirs with chevrons not touching the edge of the stone. Three rows of varying width. Total width of stones 0.315m, height 0.24m.

13, 14. Similar to previous. Total width 0.3m, height 0.24m.

15, 16. Crossing chevrons making a lozenge, as before number 8. Stone 16 is perhaps the best-preserved. The variation in width is noticeable, and would make a lively arch if these were all together. Compare north aisle arch and west doorway, order 4, centre.

17. A straight section with two parallel grooves on one side; tooling on the blank area. Width 0.47m, height 0.12m.

18, 19. Two voussoirs similar to numbers 11 and 12.

20. Symmetrical foliage fan within the spandrel of a chevron. The tip of the voussoir is lost. Width 0.16m, height 0.18m.

21. Symmetrical chip-carved star pattern within the spandrel of a chevron. Again, the tip of the voussoir is lost. Width 0.16m, height 0.15m.

22. A figural fragment, efflourescing badly. It seems to be in a darker, sandier stone than generally in use here. The carving shows the lower half of the face and the raised hands and arms of a human figure. See Comments, figure, below. Width at top- 0.21m, at bottom- 0.335m; height 0.2m.

23, 24. Two stones like numbers 11 and 12.

25. Capital, inverted, having darts between scallops. Width 0.205m, height 0.15m.

West of south doorway:

26. Voussoir with four rows of chevron woven together. Width 0.225m, height 0.18m.

27.  Similar to number 26. Width 0.22m, height 0.15m.

In South transept, on west wall:

28. High in the west wall just to the left of the south aisle arch, a narrow stone with zigzag at either end; an indeterminate form between.

29. Voussoir with chevron and two lesser zigzags parallel. 

Two pieces reset in north wall of nave:

30. An inverted column base with lug. The base has a collar round the middle.

31. A double scallop capital with darts between the cones.