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West doorway, second and third orders, arch, left side, showing restoration

Image of the feature "Doorways: West doorway to nave" at Campsall.

by Gerry Fountain.

Round-headed of four orders and label. The doorway is set between two buttresses on the face of the contemporary west tower. The left buttress is coursed with the rest of the masonry and presumably original, the right buttress is enlarged.

The doorway was subject to heavy restoration by Scott (1871-77), work which was criticised by J. Fowler (Fowler 1879-81). The watercolour referred to in Fowler’s paper is not in the Society of Antiquaries library.

Some details of the label and the imposts are vaguely reminiscent of work at Aughton and Goodmanham (YE).

First order:

The bases have square plinths, convex and concave torus with slight a overlap between. Engaged half column in reveal, plain on face. Capitals renewed, double scallop on reveal, single on face and plain outside it.

Impost (throughout) is chamfered below and upright above, both surfaces being moulded. Below, with a convex and a concave moulding; on the angle a convex moulding; on the upright two plain zones.

In the arch, all is renewed. In the soffit, there are two rolls one of which is shared with the chamfered angle; the angle is chamfered so it has shared angle rolls with soffit and face, there is an arris between them; on the face the angle roll, a half-round roll and a fillet against the second order.

Second order:

The bases as before, but with free-standing shafts. Second order capitals: double scallop with an angle tuck. Imposts as before. In the arch, in the soffit, four zigzagging steps of curved outline nipping a row of chevron on the angle. On the face, the chevron row is centrifugal and paralleled by five further steps against the third order.

Third order:

Shaft and capital as second order. In the arch, in the soffit, two rows of chevron with an arris inside them. These are straight chevrons in the normal manner, but not bold ones. On the angle, a row of bolder centrifugal chevron; on the face, two more rows of the less bold chevron with steps. 

Fourth order:

Much of this is original but wearing, the bases and capitals as before. In the arch, a similar pattern on soffit and face. There has been partial renewal. Each face has a lozenge made of the less bold moulding used for chevrons. These meet point to point on the angle. Along the joint between voussoirs, the lozenges abut, that is, the mouldings appear to continue straight though they must turn slightly here with the curvature of the arch. Inside the lozenge is a slightly raised pyramid. Between the sides of the lozenges on the angle is a fan of flutings producing a depression on the joint. Outside the lozenge on the face against the label, and on the soffit against the third order, the voussoir is plain. For this pattern, see Comments, Comparisons in Yorkshire.

Label:

A chamfered and plain label of normal dimensions is cut throughout with the same pattern on both faces. This is a chip-carved rectangle with one raised diagonal.

The capitals all renewed except those of order 4.

Dimensions

1st order, left capital, height including necking 0.2m
1st order, left capital, height without necking 0.18m
1st order, left capital, maximum width east face 0.205m
1st order, left capital, maximum width south face 0.115m
1st order, right capital, maximum width south face 0.115m
1st order, right capital, maximum width west face 0.21m
2nd order, left capital, maximum width east face 0.205m
2nd order, left capital, maximum width south face 0.2m
2nd order, right capital, maximum width south face 0.19m
2nd order, right capital, maximum width west face 0.19m
3rd order, left capital, maximum width east face 0.21m
3rd order, left capital, maximum width south face 0.19m
3rd order, right capital, maximum width south face 0.19m
3rd order, right capital, maximum width west face 0.2m
4th order, left capital, maximum width east face 0.19m
4th order, left capital, maximum width south face 0.19m
4th order, right capital, maximum width south face 0.185m
4th order, right capital, maximum width west face 0.195m
height of opening 2.9m
width of opening 1.18m