Healaugh, one of two villages of this name in Yorkshire, is 3 miles NNE of Tadcaster in the Selby district. Nearby are the remains of Healaugh Park Priory (Augustinian, founded 1218). The church of St John the Baptist (originally, St Helen), sited across a hilltop ridge, has a nave with W tower, chancel, north aisle and north chancel aisle. Its plan is still substantially 12thc, however. The E wall and E end of the chancel S wall are later, perhaps partly due to structural weakness developing on this sloping site. The upper parts of the tower are later too, and a crack has been patched over the S doorway.
The church guide (1977), p.1 mentions a grant of land made by Alice Haget to the church of S. Helen of Healaugh (ecclesie sancte Elene de Helagh). The dedication was to St Helen in 1556 (Prob. Reg. 15A f.156, Wm. Watson; records in Borthwick Institute, York).
List of incumbents later 12th c. onwards in Borthwick Institute, Add. Ms. 146. A list given in the church guide, 1977, 20, was compiled by Mr C B L Barr of the Minster Library, York. It gives William c. 1150; John c. 1180/95 and c. 1190; Reginald (= Reiner Haget?) in 1206.
For benefactions of the Haget family of Healaugh, see VCH, Yorkshire III as follows: The Priory of Healaugh Park p.216; The Priory of Sinningthwaite p.176; The Priory of Esholt, p.161. The Haget family is discussed in Fletcher (2002), pp. 196-9.
|h. of opening||1.98m|
|Order 2, L capital h. incl. necking||0.185m|
|Order 2, L capital, h. without necking||0.155m|
|Order 2, L capital, w. of E face||0.23m|
|Order 2, L capital, w. of S face||0.23m|
|R capital, h. incl. necking||0.185m|
|R capital, h. without necking||0.155m|
|R capital, w. of S face||0.24m|
|R capital, w. of W face||0.225m|
|Shaft of order 2, diam.||0.14m|
|Shaft of order 2, ht.||0.965m|
|w. of block containing E base||0.66m|
|W. of block containing E capital||0.39m|
|w. of opening||0.98m|
|h. of opening||2.51m|
|order 1, L capital, h. incl. necking||0.20m|
|order 1, L capital, h. without necking||0.18m|
|order 1, L capital, max w. of E face||0.26m|
|order 1, L capital, max. w. of S face||0.20m|
|order 1, R capital, h. incl. necking||0.20m|
|order 1, R capital, h. without necking||0.19m|
|order 1, R capital, max. w. of S face||0.19m|
|order 1, R capital, max. w. of W face||0.26m|
|order 2, diam. of column||0.16m diam|
|order 2, ht. of column||1.48m|
|order 2, L capital,h. incl. necking||0.21m|
|order 2, L capital,max. w. of E face||0.20m|
|order 2, L capital, max. w. of S face||0.195m|
|order 2, L capital,. without necking||0.18m|
|order 2, R capital, h. incl. necking||0.21m|
|order 2, R capital, h. without necking||0.19m|
|order 2, R capital,max. w. of S face||0.18m|
|order 2, R capital, max. w. of W face||0.195m|
|order 3, L capital, h. incl. necking||0.21m|
|order 3, L capital, h. without necking||0.18m|
|order 3, L capital, max. w. of E face||0.22m|
|order 3, L capital, max. w. S face||0.20m|
|order 3, R capital, h. incl. necking||0.21m|
|order 3, R capital, h. without necking||0.19m|
|order 3, R capital, max. w. of S face||0.195m|
|order 3, R capital, max. w. W face||0.195m|
|w. of opening||1.225m|
CS 1 Animal's head with long pointed ears
CS 2 mask, half broken away on L
CS 3 horned and fanged mask with bulging eyes
CS 4 head with human eyes and moustache but cat's, or lion's, ears. A foliate fringe between the ears.
CS 5 mask with long ears and lined muzzle
CS 6 asymmetrical form not resolved.
CS 7 mask with owlish eyes and wide mouth ajar, lower jaw recessive.
CS 8 A human face with cat's ears and fringe between the ears. Compare 4.
CS 9 bear's head turned to E; mouth closed.
CS 10 mask with pointed ears and round mouth.
CS 11 monkey's head.
CS 12 mask with round ears and wearing a muzzle.
CS 13 mask with long nose.
CS 15 small round mask.
CS 16 mask with lined cheeks; smiling?
CS 17 ram with large curling horns
NS 1 mask with lined cheeks
NS 2 man with downward-turned mouth, forked beard and moustache. The forehead is patched with cement, but compare CS 4 and CS 8 for possible 'cat's' ears.
NS 3 man's head gazing
NS 4 mask with horns and small fringe
NS 5 man's head, with crown, or is it hair?
NS 6 bear-like mask with lined muzzle
NS 7 man's head (compare NS 3).
NS 8 mask with tongue hanging out.
NS 9 mask with lined face
NS 10 man watching
NS 11 mask with little hands over muzzle
NS 12 mask with wide fringe between its ears. Its mouth is round and in it is a human face looking out.
NS 13 horned mask, possibly a fan of leaves between the horns.
NS 14 mask with teeth and fringe
NS 15 mask or man's face with forked beard and lop-sided scowl
NS 16 mask with small ears and hands coming from behind and holding mouth open
NS 17 mask with little rounded ears and a beak, also a wide mouth.
NS 18 a dog-like animal
NS 19 a chubby cat-like mask
NS 20 mask with round mouth as 12 and small fringe
NS 21 mask, worn
NS 22 man's head
Corbels, chancel N wall
CN 1 two men's heads, looking to NE and NW. Compare NN 4.
CN 3 Dogtooth 'star'. Hollow tip.
NN 1 cow-like mask with trace of a muzzle, very weathered.
NN 2 mask with lined cheeks and teeth
NN 3 mask with even wider gape of teeth
NN 4 very worn. Heads of a man and a toothy mask, looking to NE and NW.
|Order 1, diam. of column||0.29m|
|Order 1, ht. of column||0.71m|
|Order 1, ht. of plain plinth||1.54m|
|Order 1, L capital, ht. incl. necking||0.18m|
|Order 1, L capital, max. w. of S face||0.41m|
|Order 2, ht. of column||1.82m|
|Order 2, ht. of plain plinth||0.4m|
|Order 2, R capital, w. of N face||0.20m|
|Order 2, R capital, w. of W face||0.18m|
|w. of opening||2.64m|
|h. incl. ring||0.25m|
|h. of capital excluding ring||0.21m|
|h. with impost||0.36m|
|w. of main face, pier 2, S capital||0.458m|
Anon., Healaugh church guide (1977).
J. Bilson, 'Proceedings in 1913', Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 23 (1915), 109-10.
R. M. Cooke, 'Proceedings of the Society 1913 : Healaugh' Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 23 (1915), 109-110.
J. Evans, Cluniac Art of the Romanesque Period (Cambridge, 1950).
R. Fletcher, Bloodfeud: Murder and Revenge in Anglo-Saxon England (London, 2002).
N. Pevsner, Yorkshire: West Riding. The Buildings of England (Harmondsworth, 1959), 2nd. ed. revised E. Radcliffe (1967).
The Victoria County History of Yorkshire, III, (London, 1913), reprinted 1974.
R. Wood, 'The Romanesque Doorway at Healaugh Church', in Yorkshire Philosophical Society Annual Report for 2005 (York, 2006).
R. Wood, 'The Romanesque Doorways of Yorkshire, with special reference to that at St. Mary's church, Riccall', Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 66 (1994), pp. 59-90.
R. Wood, 'Geometric Patterns in English Romanesque Sculpture, Journal of the British Archaeological Association 154 (2001), pp. 1-39.