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St Andrew, Coln Rogers, Gloucestershire

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Feature Sets (3)

Description

The church consists of an aisleless nave, a chancel, W tower and a S porch. The nave and the western part of the chancel are of Saxon origin. The 12thc features include the N doorway, S doorway with a tympanum, and a tub-shaped font and base.

History

In 1066 Coln Rogers was held by Baldwin son of Herlewin; in 1086 the manor was held by King William. It was taxable at 10 geld units. No church but a priest mentioned at Coln Rogers in the Domesday Book. In 1150, a knight Roger of Gloster gave Colne on the Hills to the Monks at Gloucester. It was then called Culne Rogers.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N doorway

This is a round-headed N doorway to the nave, of two orders and no tympanum.

Dimensions
Height 2.02 m
Width 0.82 m
Second order
Height incl necking of L capital 0.24 m
Height incl necking of R capital 0.24 m
Height of L capital 0.22 m
Height of R capital 0.22 m
Width of E face of R capital 0.165 m
Width of N face of L capital 0.165 m
Width of N face of R capital 0.165 m
Width of W face of L capital 0.165 m
1st order

A continuous engaged order. The shaft is keeled within a cavetto moulding, no bases. At the springing point the original keeled slim shaft becomes a five-part cusped doorhead, probably of a later date.

2nd order

The order contains plinths, waterholding bases, and keeled nook shafts. The capitals have trumpet scallops, one per face with a recessed field contiguous to the recessed filed of the impost integral to the capital. The necking is a plain roll, the impost has a quirk and a hollow chamfer. The arch is square, without mouldings.

S doorway

The S doorway to the nave, round-headed, of two orders, with a tympanum.

Dimensions
Depth 0.17 m
Height 2.05 m
Width 1.05 m
Second order
Height 0.16 m
Height incl necking of capitals 0.17 m
Width of capital faces 0.16 m
Tympanum
Height now 0.62 m
Original height 0.665 m
Width 1.25 m
1st order

With a plain, unmoulded jamb, shouldered to support tympanum. The shoulders have been cut away, but remnants 0.065m deep remain on the reveal.

2nd order

The engaged nook shafts stand on plinths and attic bases; the scallop capitals have plain roll necking. The capitals have two scallops per face, the L with a shallow tuck on the angle, the R with a deeper tuck. The imposts are worn, with plain with a chamfered lower edge. The arch is sqaure and plain.

Tympanum

The tympanum is monolithic. The recessed plain field is contained within a continuous plain border, the lower edge forming the lintel. The lower portion of the stone has been later rebated to accommodate the wooden door battens.

Furnishings

Fonts

Font

The font is located immediately W of the S doorway. An undecorated tub-shaped bowl was cut from a single block of reddish stone tapered from the wider rim to the narrower bottom, and placed above a scalloped octagonal base. Retooling is visible on the surface, repairs apparent to N and S of the rim.  The interior of the bowl has a smooth surface, with lead lining in the bottom and a drain hole. The base has one large scallop per side of the octagon, and heavy coarse diagonal tooling.  A repair on the top edge of the N scallop is directly beneath the font bowl repair.

Dimensions
Circumference at base 1.99 m
Circumference at rim 3.423 m
Diameter of inner opening 0.621 m
Height 1.41 m
Height of base 0.261 m
Height of bowl 0.88 m
Width of side 1 0.0322 m
Width of side 2 0.035 m
Width of side 3 0.0321 m
Width of side 4 0.0240 m
Width of side 5 0.033 m
Width of side 6 0.0298 m

Comments/Opinions

The church has a Saxon nave and chancel, which have survived almost intact. The interior of the N doorway still exhibits Saxon work. Pevsner suggests that the exterior of the N doorway is early 13thc, while the author of the church leaflet suggests late Romanesque and Early English. Keyser argues that it was altered in the 13thc.
There is no doubt that the doorway has been restored, however it appears entirely plausible that the keeled moulding of the inner order up to the springing point is late Romanesque, while the cusped arch is a later addition. My opinion is founded on the coursing through of the inner order with that of the outer order from the ground up to the springing point. The tympanum and shouldered jamb of the S doorway have been cut away at some point to accommodate the wooden door, and this is evident in photographs.

Alfred Fryer claims that the bowl of the font is made of local Cotswold stone.

Bibliography

  • Anon. Church guide, n.d.

  • F. Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications or England’s Patron Saints, London 1899, III, 93.

  • A. Fryer, 'Gloucestershire Fonts' Trans Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc. 36 1913 176; xli, 196, 197, 198, figs. 81-83, 86, 91.

  • Historic England Building Listing 1340898

  • C.E. Keyser 'Visit to the Churches of Barnsley, Bibury, Aldsworth, Winson, Coln Rogers, and Coln St. Denys' Trans Bristol and Gloucester Arch Soc 41 1918 171-204

  • C. E. Keyser,  'An essay on the Norman doorways in the county of Gloucester', in Memorials of Old Gloucestershire, London 1911.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Gloucestershire 1: The Cotswolds, Harmondsworth 1979, 195-97.

  • M. Salter, The Old Parish Churches of Gloucestershire Malvern 2008 53-55

  • H.M. Taylor and J. Taylor,  Anglo-Saxon Architecture Vol 1 Cambridge 1965. 168-70

  • E. Tyrell-Green, Baptismal Fonts, Classified and Illustrated, London 1928, 18.

  • Victoria County History of Gloucestershire, Vol 9 London 2001 21-30

  • D. Verey and A. Brooks, The Buildings of England, Gloucestershire I: the Cotswolds (3rd edition) London 1999 296-297

Church from NW
Church from SE
Interior
Plan

Location

Site Location
Coln Rogers
National Grid Reference
SP 087 098 
Boundaries
now: Gloucestershire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Gloucestershire
Diocese
now: Gloucester
medieval: Worcester
Dedication
medieval: St Andrew
now: St Andrew
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Jean and Garry Gardiner, John Wand 
Visit Date
09 June 1998