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St Everilda, Everingham, Yorkshire, East Riding

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

The church is at the S end of the village, near the gate to Everingham Park.

The early 13thc tower is made of stone and was renovated in 1588. Entrance is through the W doorway in the tower, which is covered by a modern porch. The nave and apsed sanctuary are made of 18thc brick probably subsequent to the building of Everingham Hall perhaps by John Carr. There are no plans in the faculty papers, Borthwick 1763/1. 

The medieval church is likely to have been the first home of the Everingham font (see separate report); until recently the only font in the church was ‘an apothecary’s basin’ (Allen 1831, II, 236, quoted in Morris 1919, 149-50). This basin and a recently-acquired Victorian font flank the tower arch.

The tower arch to the nave is round-headed, and described by Morris as ‘plain semi-circular head, on distinctly Early English jambs’ (Morris, 1919, 149, 150); he is doubtful that the parts are in situ. The large size of the voussoirs of the single order arch, which has no label, suggests that the whole structure is not relevant to the Romanesque corpus.

There is some elaborated string course on the three exterior faces of the tower.

History

Everingham (3 carucates) had the berewicks of Londesborough (7½), Tolthorpe (3) and Goodmanham (4). The Domesday Book records that Archbishop Eldred had held all this for one manor. Under Archbishop Thomas ‘2 clerks and 1 knight have this land.’ The value had fallen from £14 to £6 (VCH II, 211).

Adam de Everingham held land for the service of butler to the archbishop on the day of his enthronement (Lawton 1842, 338). Perhaps within this manor the knight was based here, and the two clerks were based at Londesbrough and at Goodmanham. By the 14thc the family ‘de Everingham’ were presenting to the living.

The medieval church is pictured on a map of the Constable estate dated 1753: it shows a tower, nave, chancel and S porch.

Features

Exterior Features

Exterior Decoration

String courses

String course on tower

A continuous string course is seen on S, E and N faces of the tower at the top of the lowest stage. On the N wall, the designs are partly obscured by lichen. On the W wall, the porch roof interferes with the view.

On the S side most of the string is of a common 12thc type. The course is chamfered below, with an upright of a moderate dimension. The upright has a row of flat diamonds in relief; they are usually square but, on the last stone to the E, elongated. The stone forming the angle at the W end has a different profile, a deep upright with horizontal top and bottom. On the upright is a raised diamond formed of half-round moulding. 

On the W face the string course shows the profile of a deep upright with horizontal top and bottom. The pattern features raised saltire stars, and the central diamonds appear as if raised.

The N side has lengths which are chamfered and plain towards the E end, and then three stones with the flat diamond pattern, and three with the moulded diamond. The different profiles can be compared as they are adjacent.

Comments/Opinions

String courses on tower

The plain diamond pattern is quite common in the Riding, also used at Stillingfleet on the nave W wall.

The lower parts of the medieval tower are given an Early English date by Pevsner & Neave (1995, 411), but claimed as c.1100 by Stapleton (1966). The persistence of the entire string course would seem to date the lower parts of the tower to the first half of the 12thc.

Bibliography

  • Faculty papers, Borthwick Institute, Fac. 1763/1. 

  • T. Allen, A New and Complete History of the County of York. London 1829-1831.

  • G. Lawton, Collectio rerum ecclesiasticarum de diocesi Eboracensi; or, collections relative to churches and chapels within the Diocese of York. To which are added collections relative to churches and chapels within the diocese of Ripon. New edition, London, 1842.

  • J. E. Morris, The East Riding of Yorkshire. 2nd ed. (1906), 1919.

  • N. Pevsner & D. Neave, Yorkshire: York and the East Riding, 2nd. ed., London, 1995, 411.

  • H. E. C. Stapleton, A history of St. Everilda’s church and the village of Everingham. No place, 1965, 2nd. edition, 1996.

  • Victoria County History: Yorkshire. II (General volume, including Domesday Book) 1912, reprinted 1974.

The church from the SW.
The church from N.
Interior, tower arch.
Interior, head of tower arch.

Location

Site Location
Everingham
National Grid Reference
SE 804 423 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Yorkshire, East Riding
now: East Riding of Yorkshire
Diocese
now: York
medieval: York
Dedication
medieval:
now: St Everilda
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Rita Wood 
Visit Date
26 May 2005, 09 Dec 2015