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St Mary, Michelmersh, Hampshire

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Feature Sets (3)

Description

Michelmersh is in W central Hampshire, three miles N of Romsey.  The substantial village stands on high ground overlooking the river Test, which flows from NW to SE a mile to the SW. The land around is mostly pasture and well wooded, with Michelmersh Wood immediately N of the village.  The church is at the village’s northern edge.

St Mary’s has a nave with a S aisle, sharing a single roof, and a S porch, a chancel with a N chapel, and a weatherboarded tower at the W end of the aisle.  Nave and chancel are of knapped flint; the S nave aisle wall being very low, so that the porch roof overlaps the big roof over the nave and aisle. The nave is 12thc with plain doorways of that date at W and S; the latter covered by a 19thc flint and timber porch.  The N nave windows are big three-light 15thc openings. The chancel must be 12thc too, as it had 12thc chapels to N and S.  Both chapel arches remain, but the S chapel has been removed, the arch blocked and a three-light window inserted.  A resistivity survey in 1998 suggested confirmed the presence of a chapel.  The N chapel has been rebuilt larger, with a roof running E to W.  It now serves as a vestry and the organ fills its arch. The chancel itself has been lengthened; the quoins of the original E angle remaining on the S wall.  To judge from the fenestration this took place in the mid-13thc.  The S nave aisle was rebuilt in an extensive restoration of 1846-47 by W. Gover of Winchester, and the striking S elevation of the nave is entirely Gover’s work.  The church was again restored in 1888 under the supervision of Arthur Blomfield, who was extremely critical of Gover’s restoration which, he said, had destroyed “whatever beauty of detail it may have possessed many years since.”  In particular, Gover’s rebuilding removed any evidence that might have elucidated the relation of the church to its weatherboarded tower.  This was built as a free-standing structure, like the similar tower at Perivale (Middlesex), and is characteristic of the years around 1600.  There is evidence of repairs to it in 1846 and 1897. The only Romanesque features are the chapel arches and the W and S doorways.

History

In 985 King Aethelred granted eleven dwellings at Michelmersh to one Aelfred for his lifetime.  Michelmersh remained royal property until 1043, when Queen Emma granted it to St Swithun’s,Winchester, a grant confirmed in 1205 and 1243.  Like many manors belonging toWinchester, Michelmersh was not mentioned in the Domesday Survey.  William Briwere also held land here, and in 1200 or thereabouts he granted it to his new foundation of Mottisfont, but in 1231 this too passed toWinchester.  At the Dissolution in 1539 the manor passed to the king, who granted it to Sir William Sidney in 1543.  It remained in that family until 1606 when it was sold to Sir Thomas Stewkly.

The advowson of the church was held by the Bishop of Winchester from an early date, confirmed by Edward I in 1284.  He still holds it.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

Nave S doorway

Round headed, single order. The doorway is plain and continuous with a chamfer.

Dimensions
Height of opening 2.33m
Width of opening 1.20m

Nave W doorway

Round headed, single order.  The doorway is plain and continuous with a chamfer.

Dimensions
Height of opening 2.13m
Width of opening 1.28m

Interior Features

Arches

Chancel arch/Apse arches

Chancel, N chapel arch

Round headed, single order, plain and continuous with a chamfer.

Chancel, S chapel arch (blocked)

Round headed, single order, plain and continuous with a chamfer.

Comments/Opinions

All four arches are plain and round-headed; the chamfered profile indicating a date well into the second half of the 12thc.

Bibliography

  • J. Chambers, St Mary’s Church Michelmersh. A Guide with some Historical Notes. Michelmersh, 4th ed. 2002.

  • N. Pevsner and D. Lloyd, The Buildings of England. Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Harmondsworth 1967, 335.

  • Victoria County History: Hampshire. III (1908), 423-27.

Exterior from SE
Interior to E

Location

Site Location
Michelmersh
National Grid Reference
SU 346 266 
Boundaries
now: Hampshire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Hampshire
Diocese
medieval: Winchester
now: Winchester
Dedication
medieval: not confirmed
now: St Mary
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter 
Visit Date
04 April 2006