Barnburgh is seven miles west of Doncaster. The honey-coloured stone church stands high in a village of which the older houses are of the same stone. It has a chancel with a N aisle or chapel, nave with N and S aisles and a porch, and W tower. The tower has four stages, the lower part including ashlar walling with two windows with one-piece heads; it is buttressed to the height of the S aisle, the roofs battlemented. A plan of the church is in the Borthwick Institute (Fac. 1869/2).
The vill is in Domesday Book but no church is mentioned. Henry I granted a church here to Nostell priory 1119-1129 (Farrer 1916, 128), and in a confirmation of 1121-7 the king confirmed to Nostell the churches of ‘St Oswald and Aydanus of Bamburg’ as Algar the priest once held them. Could ‘Aydanus’ represent a dedication to St Aidan, brought to Northumbria by King (St) Oswald?
A dispute was resolved between Hickleton and Barnbrough c.1170-1177 which established Hickleton as the mother church. The suit mentioned the clerks of Barnbrough; ‘This shows that the church was divided between two or more secular clerks…this may have been a survival of one of those small secular communities which were abundant in the 11th century and were usually of pre-Conquest origin’ (Thompson and Clay 1933, 25).
|Height as seen||2.0m|
|Plinth||0.38m x 0.34m|
Borthwick Fac. 1869/2 includes a plan of the church.
G. B. Brown, The Arts in Early England, vol VI part II, Anglo-Saxon Sculpture. London 1937.
L. A. S. Butler, ed. The Yorkshire church notes of Sir Stephen Glynne (1825-1874), Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series 159. Woodbridge 2007.
W. G. Collingwood, ‘Anglian and Anglo-Danish Sculpture in the West Riding’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 23 (1915), 129-299.
W. Farrer, Early Yorkshire Charters 1-3, Edinburgh 1915-1916
J. S. Large, A History of Barnburgh. n.p., 1999.
J. E. Morris, The West Riding of Yorkshire. 2nd ed. (1906) 1919.
N. Pevsner, revised by E. Radcliffe, The Buildings of England: Yorkshire, The West Riding. Harmondsworth 1967.
P. F. Ryder, Saxon Churches in South Yorkshire. South Yorkshire County Council Archaeology Monograph No.2, Sheffield 1982.
A. H. Thompson and C. T. Clay, ed. Fasti parochiales 1 part 1 [Deanery of Doncaster part 1], Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series 85 (1933), 25-28.
P. J. Wilcox and M. Wilcox, St Peter’s Church Barnburgh church guide, n.p., n.d.
R. Wood, ‘Not Roman but Romanesque: a decayed relief at Conisbourgh church’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 76 (2004), 95-112.