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St Mary, Whaddon, Wiltshire

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

The church consists of a nave, a chancel and a bell-turret. The S door of the nave is an elaborate mixture of 12th-century and probably 19th-century carving. The N door incorporates some elements from the 12th century though their arrangement is later. 

History

In 1066 and 1086, Whaddon was held by Ælfric of Melksham. There was land for 2 ploughs, a mill, meadow and pasture, all worth 20s. No church is mentioned.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N Doorway

The door contains moulded 12th-century stones though the current arrangement is a later alteration. The arch is shallow and roughly finished. The abacus is 0.15m high and is decorated with a hollow chamfer.

Dimensions
Height of opening to apex of arch 1.75m
Height of opening to top of abacus 1.56m
Width of opening 0.83m

S Doorway

This is an elaborate door within a later porch. Some elements of the arrangement are original but the abaci, the arch and the label look too elaborate, crisp and too precise to be original. The W capital is 0.21m wide on each side and 0.24m high. It is decorated with scallops with a row of beads and a zigzag pattern above. The E capital is 0.21m wide on each side and 0.21m high. It is decorated with scallops with beading around the mouths. Where the mouths of the scallops meet there is a fleur-de-lys. The shafts of the door are octagonal in plan, 0.15m in diameter.

The tympanum is decorated with beaded strapwork and palmettes.

Dimensions
Height of opening 1.97m
Height of tympanum 0.44m
Width of opening 1.14m

Comments/Opinions

In 1770s the Long Chapel was added. The chancel and the bellcote were rebuilt in 1879.

Bibliography

  • F. Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications or England’s Patron Saints, London 1899, III, 304.

  • J. Buckler, Unpublished album of drawings. Devizes Museum, Volume VIII, Plate 69.

  • N. Pevsner and B. Cherry, Buildings of England: Wiltshire. Harmondsworth 1975, 2nd edition, 570-1.

  • Victoria County History of Wiltshire Volume VII, 171-4, esp. 173-4.

Location

Site Location
Whaddon
National Grid Reference
ST 881 615 
Boundaries
now: Wiltshire
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Wiltshire
Diocese
medieval: Old Sarum
now: Salisbury
Dedication
medieval: St Mary
now: St Mary
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Allan Brodie 
Visit Date
18 Aug 1995