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All Saints, Ingleby Arncliffe, Yorkshire, North Riding

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

The church stands SE of this N Yorkshire village. The medieval church was demolished and rebuilt with a W tower, nave and chancel in 1821, but elements of a Romanesque doorway were re-installed at the W end.

History

In 1170 Walter Ingram gave the church of Arncliffe and Welbury to the Augustinian canons at Guisbrough. This grant was confirmed by Henry II in 1182 and by Walter's son c.1186 (Brown 1902, 125-28)

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

Doorway, west wall of the tower

This doorway was reconstructed as the entrance in the W face of the tower during the 1821 rebuilding. Two orders.

1st order

Plain square jambs carrying square impost blocks. Simple, semi-circular arch, with slight chamfer.

2nd order 

capital integral with the block to its L: trumpet scallops; cones divided by twin narrow tapering wedges; shields not visible but merged into the abacus. Narrow necking. Simple rectangular abacus defined by a groove. Mason’s mark on the adjacent block. Two impost blocks: one in the same stone as the label; the other in the stone of the arch. Modern replacements inlcude the shafts. Simple, semi-circular arch, with slight chamfer. R capital: trumpet scallops; cones divided by single tapering wedges and one twin; cones again buried in the abacus. Necking is damaged. Simple rectangular abacus. Both the bases are very worn. Some herringbone tooling on blocks around the doorway.  

Label: plain and chamfered.

Comments/Opinions

The carving of the cones on the scallop capitals is a slightly unusual variant of a form that is used frequently in this region. This may indicate a relatively early date of c.1150 for their production. Some carved stones of Pre-Conquest style incorporated into the interior walls of the tower suggest the existence of a church prior to the 12thc century.

Little is known about the medieval church. It has been described as simple in form with small dimensions, and a pen and ink drawing of 1718 of Arncliffe Hall shows a church of modest proportions in the background. (VCH, vol. 2, 243) 

Bibliography

  • W. Brown, ‘Ingleby Arncliffe’, Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, 16 (1902) 122-226.

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Yorkshire: The North Riding, New Haven and London, 1966 (2002), 200.

     

     

        

  • Victoria County History: York North Riding, vol. 2, 1923, 240-43.

Tower interior, detail.
Tower interior, detail.
Tower interior, detail.
Tower interior, detail.
Tower interior, detail.

Location

Site Location
Ingleby Arncliffe
National Grid Reference
NZ 452 002 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Yorkshire, North Riding
now: North Yorkshire
Diocese
medieval: York
now: York
Dedication
now: All Saints
medieval:
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Jeffrey Craine 
Visit Date
September 2010