Image of the feature "III. Exterior Features: 2. Windows: E window" at Glendalough, St Saviour.
by Roger Stalley.
A two-light window set within an outer containing arch, 0.89 m wide. The S base is 0.11 m high and takes the form of an inverted scalloped capital. The N base is considerably shorter, 0.07 m high, and apart from a chamfered upper section, lacks decoration. Pseudo-shafts, flanked by narrow fillets, are worked on the jambs. On the N jamb the uppermost block of stone is slightly different, the shaft being decorated with lines of beading instead of fillets. The fillets employed beside the shafts run down into the bases and tail off. The S capital has a horizontal line of running spirals, with thinly incised scallops above, the N capital has roughly cut scallops.
There are 18 voussoirs in the arch, of which 11 are modern insertions. The patterns on the remaining seven stones are highly irregular and the widths of the archivolts vary:
(a) four of the stones (on the N side) contain two rows of lateral chevron on the face and soffit, creating a lozenge on the angle, alternating with lozenges set point-to-point. The chevrons are beaded. One of the lozenges on the face is filled with a boss, the other has an eight-petalled flower (this lozenge is solid and not framed by a beaded roll). While the lozenges on the edge are centred on a voussoir, their points are cut on adjoining stones.
(b) three stones, all very narrow, contain two rows of beaded, lateral chevron on face and soffit, forming a lozenge on the edge (one of the lozenges is filled with a pellet). Three stones are employed to create two chevrons.
In the label three original stones survive, decorated with pellets, some plain, others pierced. On the N side is an original dragon-head stop, with walnut-shaped eyes, rather crude in execution. The R upper half is broken off.
S side, W face: a system of hyphenated lozenges, set between deeply cut three-quarter rolls on each angle; the rolls and lozenges are outlined by beading:
Stone 1: a half lozenge at the base: two affronted birds peck at an object descending from above (possibly a tiny bird). A circular boss sits between the birds and two smaller bosses sit behind their backs.
Stone 2: a lozenge filled with a pattern of two-strand interlace, forming a four-part knot.
Stone 3: two vertical rolls, lined by beading.
Stone 4: a lozenge filled with a 'ravioli'-like form comprising four semicircular motifs, with a boss in the centre.
Stone 5: as stone 2.
Stone 6: the moulding to the S is now discontinued, as the window rises above the adjoining aumbry. The stone has a circular motif, beaded around the circumference, and filled with an ornate multi-petalled flower.
The N face has one row of hyphenated chevron, the chevron bands beaded. Two of the triangles created by the chevron are filled with motifs:
Stone 1: a foliate motif within a half-triangle.
Stone 2: ambiguous: this could represent a flying bird, seen from above, with its beak in the angle of the chevron.
Stone 4: this has no motif within the chevron.
Stone 6: another circular motif, corresponding to that on W face of the stone. In this case there is beading around the circumference along with a six-petalled flower, simpler in detail than the adjoining flower.
On the N jamb: only three original sections remain:
Stone 1 (at bottom): on the W face is a half lozenge (as on the S side), containing a lion, with its head turned over its back, biting its tail which curls between the legs. On the S face of this stone is an elaborate knot, set in a beaded triangle formed by the chevron.
Stones 2, 3, and 4 are modern.
Stone 5 (very damaged) has a vertical beaded roll on the angle. Beside this on the W face a further roll takes a scrolled form, like a crosier, and terminates in a dragon's head. To the left there is a fragment of foliage scroll.
Stone 6: this has one row of point-to-point chevron, beaded, meeting on the angle roll.
The arch was rebuilt in the 1870s. Ten of the voussoirs are original. Nine contain one row of point-to point chevron, meeting on a bold angle roll. Both chevron and angle roll are bordered by fillets, not beading. On the soffit the chevrons are not defined by separate rolls, but instead form flat triangular patterns. The sixth stone (from the N, effectively the keystone) has the triangle on the face filled with a mass of shooting tendrils. On the soffit the chevron is defined by a separate roll, unlike neighbouring voussoirs. The fourth stone from the N has a different form of chevron, in which the zigzag, arranged centrifugally, forms a triangle with its base set against the edge roll.