In 1979, the carved fragment of yellow sandstone was found during the excavations of an 18thc pit at Keays Lane, Carlisle.
The Domesday Survey does not record this area of the country. William Rufus took control of Carlisle in 1092 and had a castle built, while in 1122 Henry I visited Carlisle and ordered that the village be fortified with a castle and towers. In 1123 an Augustinian monastery was founded and later, in 1133, a cathedral was established. David I of Scotland re-took control of Carlisle in early 1136 and it remained in Scottish hands until Henry II took it back in 1157.
R. Cramp, Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture, vol. 2: Cumberland, Westmorland and Lancashire North-of-the-Sand, Oxford 1988, 164.
M. McCarthy, Carlisle: A Frontier City, Carlisle 1980.