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St Mary the Less, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

The present church consists of a single-unit mid-14thc. rectangular church with no aisles, a S vestry with a crypt below and a stair above linking it to Peterhouse College, a S chapel of 1931 by T. H. Lyon , a 19thc. S porch at the W end of the nave, a 19thc. NW porch, and a W choir vestry, added in 1892-93 and now used as a parish room. The E window tracery reveals workshop connections with the Lady Chapel at Ely. There was a major restoration by Sir George Gilbert Scott in 1857-62, and the interior was whitewashed in the 1950s by Stephen Dykes-Bower. None of the present fabric is any earlier than the 14thc., but there is a nook shaft with chevron ornament set into a corner of the NW porch, presumed to be from a 12thc. church on the site.

History

Originally St Peter-without-Trumpington-Gate, the church and its endowments were made over to scholars lodged in houses south of the churchyard by Hugh of Balsham, Bishop of Ely, in 1284. This marks the foundation of Peterhouse, the first Cambridge college. It was rebuilt c.1350, and dedicated to St Mary of Grace in 1352. In 1632, when a new Peterhouse chapel was consecrated, St Mary's was made over largely for parish use, although Fellows of Peterhouse continued to serve as ministers until the 19thc., and the college is still the patron of the living.

Features

Interior Features

Interior Decoration

Miscellaneous

Reset shaft

Built into the SW angle of the NW porch is a section of attached nook shaft whole round profile changes at the lower end into a square section decorated with three units of point-to-point, single-roll chevron enclosing pyramidal lozenges on the arris.

Comments/Opinions

As it stands the shaft makes no sense whatsoever. Presumably sections from two orders of jambs have been joined end-to-end.

Bibliography

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Cambridgeshire, Harmondsworth 1954 (2nd ed. 1970), 226-27

E facade from Trumpington Street.

Location

Site Location
Cambridge
National Grid Reference
TL 448 580 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Cambridgeshire
now: Cambridgeshire
Diocese
medieval: not confirmed
now: Ely
Dedication
now: St Mary the Less and Little St Mary
medieval: St Peter-without-Trumpington-Gate
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter