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All Saints, Winwick, Huntingdonshire

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

All Saints has an aisled four-bay nave with clerestoreys, a S transept, an aisleless chancel and a W tower supporting a broach spire with two tiers of lucarnes. The S arcade is 13thc. and the N c. 1325. The chancel also dates from the 13thc., but the chancel arch was rebuilt c.1350. The S transept and the tower date from the 15thc. In the 16thc. the clerestorey was added to the nave and the N aisle was rebuilt. There was a major restoration by Slater and Carpenter in 1864, when the south transept, the south aisle clerestorey, the porch and the upper part of the spire were rebuilt. The spire was struck by lightning in 1935 and subsequently restored. Construction is of coursed stone rubble. The S doorway is the only 12thc. feature.

History

No church is mentioned in the Domesday Survey, but in 1086 the manor was held by Eustace the Sheriff. He held 5 hides which Oilard held from him; half a hide from the Abbot of Peterborough; and a further half hide was held from him by Widelard. The last two holdings were entered under Northamptonshire, and it was not until 1888 that the part of the parish formerly included in Polebrook Hundred (Northamptonshire) was wholly transferred to Huntingdonshire.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

S nave doorway

Pointed, of two orders. The 1st order is continuous with an angle roll on double-roll bases with modern chamfered plinths. The 2nd order stands on similar plinths and is continuous with a quirked single-roll order of frontal chevron with a plain roll outside it. Two of the voussoirs are carved on the flat plane outside this roll with a single saltire motif with pellets in the triangular fields. These are the voussoir above the arch springer on the W and the springer itself on the E. The voussoirs in this order appear to have been cut back at the extrados, so that only slightly more than half of the saltire designs survive. The label is chamfered with a quadrant on the extrados.

Dimensions
h of opening 2.45 m
w of opening 1.07 m

Comments/Opinions

The present state of the doorway belongs to the later 12thc., perhaps as late as 1200, but there is some evidence that the voussoirs around the top of the arch have been recut and reset, and it may be that the outer order belonged to an earlier round-headed doorway. This would certainly suit the saltire decoration, which suggests a date in the 1st half of the century.

Bibliography

  • Victoria County History: Huntingdonshire. III (1936).
  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Bedfordshire and the County of Huntingdon and Peterborough, Harmondsworth 1968, 366.
  • RCHM(E), An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Huntingdonshire. London 1926, 290-92.
Exterior from S.

Location

Site Location
Winwick
National Grid Reference
TL 105 807 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Huntingdonshire
now: Cambridgeshire
Diocese
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
now: Ely
Dedication
medieval: not confirmed
now: All Saints
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter