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St Andrew, Broughton, Northamptonshire

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

St Andrew's has a clerestoreyed and aisled nave with three-bay 14thc. arcades. The chancel and its arch are 14thc. too, as are the clerestorey and the aisle windows. The chancel was in fact rebuilt in 1828. The W tower is of c.1300, and has a broach spire. What remains of the 12thc. church is the masonry at the SW angle of the nave and the S doorway, now reset and protected by a porch.

History

The great manor of Rothwell included half a hide in Broughton in 1086. The remaining hide and a half was held by Countess Judith. Between 1155 and 1166 Roger de Clare, earl of Hrtford, transferred land and the advowson of Broughton to the Cluniac house of nuns at Delapre, Northants.

Benefice of Broughton with Loddington and Cransley and Thorpe Malsor.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

S nave doorway

Round-headed, two ordersFirst order. Plain jambs with the simplest chamfered imposts, perhaps replacements, carrying and arch curiously carved with lozenge-shaped recesses in low relief on the face, point-to-point with a sawtooth edge to the soffit, leaving a row of lozenge-shaped notches on the angle, each occupied by a round pellet.

Second order. Coursed nook-shafts with carved capitals. The W is a double scallop with wedges between the cones and dished shields, each bearing a single drilled bead. It has a double-roll necking. The E has a cone on each face, like a single scallop capital, but instead of shields each cone is recessed, the recess crudely carved with a triangular human head in relief. Its necking is a plain roll. The arch is more conventionally carved than that of the first order, with centripetal chevron point-to-point on face and soffit, producing empty lozenges on the angle. The top of the arch shows signs of disturbance, and several of the voussoirs are replacements. The label has a chamfer on the inner angle and a low roll between fillets on the face.

Dimensions
h. of opening 2.10 m
w. of opening 1.15 m

Comments/Opinions

No close comparison is available locally for the form of the chevron ornament. The accompanying capitals suggest a relatively early date, c.1150-60.

Bibliography

  • RCHME Report, uncatalogued.
  • Victoria County History: Northamptonshire, IV (1937), 160f.
  • J. Bridges, The History and Antiquities of Northamptonshire, Compiled from the manuscript collections of the late learned antiquary J.Bridges, Esq., by the Rev. Peter Whalley,. Oxford' 1791, II, 86f.
  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Northamptonshire, Harmondsworth, 1961, rev. by B. Cherry, 1973, 128f.
  • R. M. Serjeantson and H. I. Longden, 'The Parish Churches and Religious Houses of Northamptonshire: their Dedications, Altars, Images and Lights', Archaeological Journal, 70, ns 20 (1913), 289.
Exterior from SE.
Interior to E.

Location

Site Location
Broughton
National Grid Reference
SP 837 758 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Northamptonshire
now: Northamptonshire
Diocese
medieval: Lincoln (Dorchester to 1085)
now: Peterborough
Dedication
medieval: St Andrew (1521)
now: St Andrew
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter