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St Andrew, Ilketshall St Andrew, Suffolk

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Feature Sets (2)

Description

St Andrews is a flint church with nave, chancel and W tower. The tower is round in its lower part, which has a pointed lancet of c.1200 to the S and an inserted W window of c.1320. The upper part of the tower is octagonal with Perpendicular bell-openings on the cardinal faces and flushwork tracery on the others, and a battlemented parapet decorated with flushwork tracery. The nave has a 12thc. N window and 12thc. doorways to N and S, the N plain and blocked; the S more elaborate and protected by an early Tudor brick porch. It has been heightened and given Perpendicular windows. The chancel has one 13thc. lancet but otherwise appears 14thc. or later. Nave and chancel are separately roofed but there is no chancel arch. Wall paintings in the nave are currently under restoration. The only Romanesque features described here are the two nave doorways.

History

The Domesday Survey does not allow us to distinguish between the four Ilketshall parishes. There were many holdings in that name, all but one among the lands of Earl Hugh, and one of these included a church with 20 acres of land. The exception was a parcel of 30 acres among the lands of Godric the Steward. Sir Gilbert de Ilketshall was lord of the manor that included St Andrew's in the reign of William Rufus, and it stayed in the family until the 16thc. when the line died out. The rectory was granted to the nuns of Bungay in the reign of Henry II, and they retained the tithes and advowson until the Dissolution.

Wainford benefice, i.e. Ringsfield, Redisham, Barsham with Shipmeadow, Mettingham and Ilketshall St Andrew.

Features

Exterior Features

Doorways

N nave doorway

Rround headed, of one order, blocked.

Plain square jambs and arch and plain chamfered imposts.

Dimensions
h. of opening 1.87 m
w. of opening 0.88 m

S nave doorway

Round headed, of two orders.Clunch.

1st order: Plain square jambs supporting hollow imposts with roll neckings and beaked overhangs. Plain square arch.

2nd order: Coursed detached nook-shafts on tall convex bases decorated with two rows of incised zigzag, and with roll neckings. Chamfered block capitals, the chamfers outlined by a groove like simplified flat leaves. Roll neckings and imposts as the first order. The arch is decorated with lateral centrifugal face chevron; an angle roll and a double-quirked face roll. There is no label.

Dimensions
h. of opening 2.22 m
w. of opening 1.05 m

Comments/Opinions

Parallels for the S doorway are found at Henstead; similar chamfered block capitals on the N doorway, and chevron of the same profile on the S doorway.

Bibliography

  • H. M. Cautley, Suffolk Churches and their Treasures. London 1937, 278

  • D. P. Mortlock, The Popular Guide to Suffolk Churches: 3 E Suffolk. Cambridge 1992, xxx

  • N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Suffolk. Harmondsworth 1961, rev. E. Radcliffe 1975, 287

  • A. Suckling, The History and Antiquities of the County of Suffolk, I. London 1846, 111-18

Exterior, W end from SE.
Exterior from SE.
Interior to E.

Location

Site Location
Ilketshall St Andrew
National Grid Reference
TM 379 872 
Boundaries
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales): Suffolk
now: Suffolk
Diocese
medieval: North Elmham (c.950-1071), Thetford (1071-94), Norwich (from 1094)
now: St Edmundsbury and Ipswich
Dedication
medieval: not confirmed
now: St Andrew
Type of building/monument
Parish church  
Report authors
Ron Baxter