We use cookies to improve your experience, some are essential for the operation of this site.

St Mary, Tyberton, Herefordshire

(52°3′14″N, 2°54′20″W)
SO 380 399
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales) Herefordshire
now Herefordshire
medieval Hereford
now Hereford
medieval St Mary
now St Mary
  • George Zarnecki
  • Ron Baxter
22 June 2006

Please use this link to cite this page - https://www.crsbi.ac.uk/view-item?i=10368.

Find out how to cite the CRSBI website here.

Feature Sets

Tyberton is a small village in SW Herefordshire, midway between Hereford and Hay-on-Wye. It lies E of a wooded ridge separating the flood-plain of the Wye to the NE from the valley of the Dore to the SW. Tyberton is one of a chain of settlements on the E side of this ridge, including also Blakemere, Moccas, Bredwardine, Shenmore and Cublington.The church stands in the centre of the village, in the grounds of Tyberton Court immediately to the W. Tyberton Court was built by John Wood of Bath for William Brydges in 1729, but the church is slightly older, dating from 1719-21. The house was demolished in 1952. A chapel was noted at Tyberton on Elizabeth I’s reign, but by 1652 it was described as being in poor repair. Improvements, including a new steeple, were made in 1655. By 1711, when William Brydges inherited the estate, it was in a poor state again, and by 1718 the decision had been taken to replace it. The present church is a red brick building consisting of a nave with S porch, chancel and W tower. The chancel is square-ended outside with no E windows, but inside is a false apse with a semi domed ceiling and elaborate carved panelling on the walls, by Wood and dating from 1728. The S nave doorway from the medieval church was used in the 18thc. building, and is the only piece of Romanesque sculpture here. There was a restoration in 1879 when the nave and chancel windows were replaced with inappropriate lancets, and repairs were carried out by Roiser and Whitestone of Cheltenham in 1969-71.


Tyberton was held by the canons of Hereford cathedral in 1086, and consisted of 6 hides of ploughland, 3 acres of meadow and woodland a league long and half a league wide. By 1340 the Delabere family owned a good deal of land in Tyberton, which they sold to William Brydges of Bosbury in 1650. The manor house (Tyberton Court) and the chapel were part of this estate, which stayed in the Brydges family until the early 19thc., when the male line failed and the property passed to a daughter, Anne, who married the Rev. Henry Lee Warner. Much of the land was sold in the 20thc., and it is currently owned by the Duchy of Cornwall.


Exterior Features



There are close similarities with the doorway at Clehonger, and GZ suggests that the same mason worked at both sites. Clehonger has a keeled roll in the arch, pointing to a late-12thc. date for this workshop.


B. A. Bailey, 'William Brydges and the Rebuilding of Tyberton Church', Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists, Field Club, XXXVII (1962), 210-21.

N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire, Harmondsworth 1963, 301-02.

J. Wybraniec, A Brief History of Tyberton and Tyberton Church “St Mary’s” and the Brydges and Lee-Warner Families, Tyberton 2004.

Herefordshire Sites and Monuments Record 7491. Now available online at http://www.smr.herefordshire.gov.uk/db.php/p