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St Mary the Virgin, Syde, Gloucestershire

(51°47′44″N, 2°4′31″W)
SO 949 108
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales) Gloucestershire
now Gloucestershire
medieval Worcester
now Gloucester
  • John Wand
21 May 2015

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Feature Sets

Syde, one of the smallest rural parishes in Gloucestershire, covers 254 ha. (629 a.) and lies on a high part of the Cotswolds 12 km. south of Cheltenham. The parish’s name is Saxon in origin and derives from the hillside which it occupies, extending from Ermin Street on the east down to the valley of the river Frome on the west. The church of St Mary the Virgin is sited on a steep slope on the edge of the village close to the manor house. The church is built of random rubble and consists of a chancel with south vestry, nave with north porch, and west tower. The small nave is of the early 12thc.; the tower, which has a simple saddleback roof, was added in the 13thc. About 1850 the chancel was rebuilt and it was perhaps at this time that the vestry and porch were added. The only Romanesque feature is the chancel arch.


The manor was held by Leofwin in 1066. Syde was awarded to William fitzOsbern, cousin of William the Conqueror, who in turn awarded it to Ansfrid, Abbot of Cormeilles. In 1086 the under tenant was Turstin. A priest is also recorded in Domesday. The overlordship of the manor later passed with the honor of Cormeilles, descending after the early 13th century with Elkstone manor, and came into the possession of the Lords of Berkeley in the early 14thc.


Interior Features



F. Arnold-Forster, Studies in Church Dedications, London 1899, III, 275

Historic England Listed Building 127225

Victoria County History: Gloucestershire, 7 (1981), 227-232

D. Verey, The Buildings of England. Gloucestershire: the Cotswolds, London 1979, 446.

W. V. Virgo and B. M. Powell, The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Syde 1987

A. Williams and G.H. Martin (ed.), Domesday Book. A Complete Translation, Alecto 1992 (Penguin Classics 2003)