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All Saints, Fawley, Hampshire

(50°49′48″N, 1°21′8″W)
SU 457 036
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales) Hampshire
now Hampshire
  • Ron Baxter
  • Ron Baxter
02 July 2014

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Fawley is a village on the W bank of Sothampton Water where it runs into the Solent; a position now dominated by the Esso oil refinery immediately W of the church. All Saints has a nave with 4-bay aisles, but the E bay of the S aisle is occupied by the arches of the tower. The chancel has a two-bay N chapel, used for weekday services, and a similar S chapel screened off for use as a vestry. The nave is 12thc in origin, with a chevron-decorated W doorway under a neo-Romanesque porch. The chancel arch, chancel chapel arcades and the W and N arches of the tower are 12thc work too (the E arch to the vestry is narrow and 19thc, and there is no S arch because the outer wall is in that position). The nave arcades are 13thc .


2 hides in Fawley were held by the Bishop of Winchester before the Conquest, but by 1086 only 1 virgate remained (with a chapel), the other 7 virgates having been taken into the New Forest. The church remained with the bishop, and had its own chapels at Exbury and Langley.


Exterior Features


Interior Features


Chancel arch/Apse arches
Tower/Transept arches



Pevsner and Lloyd (1967) date the S chancel arcade to the early 14thc, but they also give it three bays rather than two. The present author prefers the c.1200 date suggested by VCH. Otherwise Pevsner suggests a date of c.1170-80 for all of the Romanesque work except the chancel arch, which he dates ‘slightly earlier’.


English Heritage Listed Building 143423

N. Pevsner and D. Lloyd, The Buildings of England. Hampshire and the Isle of Wight. Harmondsworth 1967, 231-33.

Victoria County History: Hampshire. III (1908), 292-96.