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St Mary, Buscot, Berkshire

(51°40′52″N, 1°40′28″W)
SU 226 981
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales) Berkshire
now Oxfordshire
medieval Salisbury
now Oxford
  • Ron Baxter
17 September 2001, 02 December 2013

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Perpendicular crenellated W tower, aisleless nave and chancel separated by a chancel arch of c.1200, S doorway under a porch. The chancel arch and font are included here.


Buscot was held by Earl Harold in 1066, when it was assessed at 40 hides, and by Robert from Earl Hugh of Chester in 1086, when it was assessed at only 6 hides. This substantial vill had 25 villans, 25 bordars and 6 slaves (perhaps representing a total population of 250), and a fishery.

The tenant might have been Robert, son of Hugh, whose descendants later held the Honour of Ma;pas, Cheshire, to which the lordship of Buscot was attached. In 1086 too, two subtenants were enfoeffed under Robert: Drogo held 8 hides and Ranulph 4. VCH suggests that Ranulph's descendants were the Gerberts who were tenants during the 12thc and 13thc, and who held the advowson of the church.


Interior Features


Chancel arch/Apse arches




The chevron of the outer order of the chancel arch may have been recycled for its present position — it matches neither physically nor stylistically with the rest of the structure. A date around 1200 is suggested for this, along with the lowest section of the font. The bowl itself must surely be earlier.


N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Berkshire. Harmondsworth 1966, 108.

G. Tyack, S. Bradley and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England. Berkshire. New Haven and London 2010, 224-25.

Victoria County History: Berkshire IV (1924), 512-17.