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St Mary, Hitcham, Buckinghamshire

(51°32′5″N, 0°40′29″W)
SU 920 826
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales) Buckinghamshire
now Buckinghamshire
medieval St Mary
now St Mary
  • Ron Baxter
  • Ron Baxter
15 March 2017, 31 August 2022

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Feature Sets

Hitcham is a small village in the extreme S of the county, on the western edge of Slough. It consists of the church facing Hitcham House, and a Hitcham Farmhouse, a 17thc timber framed farm building alongside the road from Burnham to Taplow. The church is a small, aisleless building with a 16thc brick W tower, a 12thc nave of flint rubble set in mortar (plain 12thc lancets in N and S walls), a S porch and a knapped flint 14thc chancel to which brick buttresses have been added. On the N side of the church a flint-faced church room was built detached from the chancel in the early 20thc, and this was linked to the chancel c.1985 by a brick vestry. The church was restored and the S porch added in 1866. The chancel arch is the only Romanesque feature.


In 1066 Hitcham was held by Hemming, a thegn of King Edward, and in 1086 it was held by Ralph and Roger from Miles Crispin. It was assessed at 6 hides with woodland for 100 pigs and a fishery yielding 500 eels. Miles Crispin's holdings were united with those of Robert Doyley in the Honour of Wallingford throughout the middle ages. Of the under-tenants, Ralph and Roger, the latter obtained all rights. The next tenant known is Miles Neymut at the beginning of the 13thc. By 1210 the advowson of the church was held by Merton Priory, which house retained it until the Dissolution. For the later manorial history, see Victoria County History.


Interior Features


Chancel arch/Apse arches

RCHME and Pevsner both date the chancel arch c.1190 on the basis of the flat-leaf capital and the keeled shafts. This could well be later than the body of the nave, with its simple lancets and rough and ready angles without quoins.


Historic England Listed Building English Heritage Legacy ID: 43884

  1. N. Pevsner and E. Williamson, Buildings of England: Buckinghamshire. London 1960, 2nd ed. 1994, 400-01.

RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in the County of Buckingham. Volume 1 (south). London 1912, 203-05.

Victoria County History: Buckinghamshire. III (1925), 231-35.