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St Peter, Pipe and Lyde, Herefordshire

(52°5′34″N, 2°43′36″W)
Pipe and Lyde
SO 503 441
pre-1974 traditional (England and Wales) Herefordshire
now Herefordshire
medieval Hereford
now Hereford
medieval St Peter
now St Peter
  • George Zarnecki
  • Ron Baxter
09 March 1989, 03 September 2012

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Feature Sets

Pipe and Lyde is a civil parish consisting of three villages separated by the busy A49 Hereford to Leominster road. On the east side of the road are Pipe-cum-Lyde, which includes the parish church, and Lower Lyde, centred on Lower Lyde Court. Upper Lyde is on the west side of the road and contains the earthworks of a deserted settlement including some remains of a castle. The old church of St Peter was pulled down in 1873-74 and replaced by a new structure by F. R. Kempson of Cardiff, reusing many of the old features. It consists of an unaisled nave with a S porch, a chancel with a N organ room and vestry, and a W tower with a broach spire. The only Romanesque feature is a loose corbel.


According to the Domesday Survey, Pipe was held by the canons of Hereford and so was the neighbouring Lyde (both of these names derived from water-course or torrent (Ekwall (1960), 308 and 367). Osbern, son of Richard, held another manor at Lyde, and Roger de Lacy from him.


Loose Sculpture


The corbel recorded here is one of the two mentioned in Pipe Parish Minute Book as: "two Norman corbel stones (...) one of which is presumably the muzzled bear lying in the churchyard". The corbels are not mentioned in Pevsner (1963) or Brooks (2012). In 1989 Prof. Zarnecki found only one corbel in the churchyard, and moved it to the porch for protection from weather. In 2012 Dr Baxter found it inside the church, alongside the S doorway. The Pipe and Lyde muzzled corbel is somewhat similar to that at Wigmore Abbey but is cruder and probably earlier. Muzzled bears appear frequently on corbels in Herefordshire, e.g. in Kilpeck, Wigmore Abbey.


A. Brooks and N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. New Haven and London 2012, 554-55.

E. Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-Names, 4th ed.Oxford, 1960, 308.367.

Herefordshire Sites and Monuments Record 6887

Historic England Listed Building 154250

N. Pevsner, The Buildings of England: Herefordshire. Harmondsworth 1963, 272

RCHME, An Inventory of the Historical Monuments in Herefordshire, 2: East, 1932, 152.