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Tulliallan, Fife

(56°5′12″N, 3°42′15″W)
NS 9404 8952
pre-1975 traditional (Scotland) Fife
now Fife
medieval Dunblane
medieval unknown
  • James King
  • James King
11 Sept 2019

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Feature Sets

In a graveyard, just south of a derelict mausoleum built in 1830, is a medieval gravestone, its long sides coped and carved with squared imbrication. The mausoleum is believed to be on the same site as an earlier church. This and the surrounding graveyard are sited at Overton in Tulliallan, in a wooded area called Windyhill. A new parish church was built on a different site in 1675-6, but this church, now called the ‘old church’, is itself a ruin and the present parish church, built in the the 19th century, is located in yet a different location. The Statiscal Account of 1794 described the early church at Windyhill as “very small, being only 36 feet in length, 16 in breadth, and 8 feet in height.” Between 1889 and 1892, the parish of Tulliallan was transferred from a detached part of the county of Perth to that of Fife, in which it remains.


No specific references for Tulliallan before the 13th century have been found, the earliest being a vicar who witnessed a document of about 1230: ‘domino Johanne vicar de Tulialwyn’ (Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth, no. 124). The church and vicarage of Tulliallan (‘Tullalwy’ and ‘Tulialwy’) are both listed in the Bagimond Rolls of 1274-5, which shows Tulliallan as a free parsonage. King Edward I ordered that the walls of Tulliallan castle be strengthened in 1304, but the date when the castle was first built is unrecorded. The earliest known lordship of Tulliallon was with the Edmonstons, but this then passed to the Blackadders through marriage in the 1480s. The Blackadder family still held the patronage at the Reformation.





The first person to bring the Tulliallan grave stone to public notice appears to have been Lacaille, who mentioned it in his 1928 article.

J. Lang wrote later about this stone and certain other medieval coped grave stones in Scotland. He stated that there were ‘faint traces of an incised equal arm cross’ carved on the west end and suggested an 11th-century date for the grave stone. Related grave stones in the general geographic area can be found also at Logie and Tillicoultry. For the former, Lang suggested an 11th-century date, whilst for the latter he preferred a twelfth-century date.


I. Cowan, The Parishes of Medieval Scotland (Edinburgh, 1967), 200-1.

R. Fawcett, J. Luxford, R. Oram and T. Turpie, Corpus of Scottish Medieval Parish Churches, http://arts.st-andrews.ac.uk/corpusofscottishchurches (accessed 11/7/20)

Grampian Club, Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth A.D. 1147-1535 (Edinburgh, 1872), 161-2 no. 124.

A. Lacaille, ‘Ecclesiastical Remains in the Neighbourhood of Luss, with Notes on some Unrecorded Crosses and Hog-backed Stones’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 62 (Edinburgh, 1928), 85-106.

J. Lang, ‘Hogback monuments in Scotland’, Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, 105 (Edinburgh, 1975), 206-35.

G. Monilaws, ‘Parish of Tulliallan’, The New Statistical Account of Scotland, 10 (Edinburgh and London, 1845), 868 and 870.

J. Paul, ed., The Register of the Great Seal of Scotland A.D. 1424-1513, 2 (Edinburgh, 1882), 346 no. 1644, 359 no. 1707, 397 no. 1886 and 674-5 no. 3153.

Royal Commission on Ancient and Historical Monuments and Constructions of Scotland, An Inventory of the Ancient Monuments: Fife, Kinross and Clackmannan, 11 (Edinburgh, 1933), 280.

The Scottish History Society, ‘Bagimond’s Roll’, Miscellany of The Scottish History Society, 6 (Edinburgh, 1939), 54 and 72.

D. Simson, ‘Parish of Tulliallan’, The Statistical Account of Scotland, 11 (Edinburgh, 1794), 556.